- Total Worker Health® (TWH)
- The purpose of this review is to provide an evidence report that the National Institutes of Health, Office of Disease Prevention, Pathways to Prevention Workshop Program can use to inform a workshop focused on Total Worker Health® (TWH). TWH is defined as policies, programs, and practices that integrate protection from work-related safety and health hazards with promotion of injury and illness prevention efforts to advance worker well-being. This review describes the body of evidence evaluating TWH interventions, assesses the benefits and harms of interventions, and highlights research gaps and future research needs.
- Authors of Report
- Methodology description
- Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE®, the Cochrane Library, the Cochrane Central Trials Registry, and PsycINFO from January 1, 1990, to September 21, 2015. Eligible studies included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), nonrandomized trials, prospective cohort studies with a concurrent control group; single-group pre-post studies were also eligible for Key Questions (KQs) describing interventions or identifying contextual factors, research gaps, and future research needs.
Review Methods: Pairs of reviewers independently selected, extracted data from, and rated the risk of bias of relevant studies; they graded the strength of evidence (SOE) using established criteria. We synthesized all evidence qualitatively.
- All of the report's study data were entered retrospectively to SRDR, via direct file uploading as Excel spreadsheets (one each for Key Questions 1 and 2).
For Key Question 1, the uploaded data include the following: Study Design, Arms, Integrated Intervention Details, Baseline Data, Outcome Descriptions, Contextual Factors, and Abbreviations used throughout the data extraction form.
For Key Question 2, the uploaded data include the same tabs as the Key Question 1 extraction form, and additionally the following: Continuous Outcome Results Data (only for outcomes eligible for Key Question 2), Binary Outcome Results Data (only for outcomes eligible for Key Question 2), Adverse Events, Risk of Bias ratings, and Abbreviations used throughout the data extraction form.
Publication of the final report and PMID are pending. Currently, the Prepublication Draft Report is available online at the AHRQ Effective Health Care Program's website: http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?pageaction=displayproduct&productid=2142.
- Funding Source
- This report is based on research conducted by the RTI International–University of North Carolina Evidence-based Practice Center under contract to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Rockville, MD (Contract No. 290-2012-00008-I_HHSA 2903