Interventions Targeting Sensory Challenges in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)—An Update

Project Summary Title and Description

Title
Interventions Targeting Sensory Challenges in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)—An Update
Description
This review was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of interventions targeting sensory challenges in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This report is a update on a previous report from 2011.
Attribution
N/A
Authors of Report
N/A
Methodology description
We included studies comparing interventions incorporating sensory-focused modalities with alternate treatments or no treatment. Studies had to include at least 10 children with ASD between 2 and 12 years old. Two investigators independently screened studies and rated risk of bias. We extracted and summarized data qualitatively given significant heterogeneity. We also assessed strength of the evidence (SOE).
PROSPERO
N/A
DOI
10.26300/xc3w-8c19
Notes
Data entered retrospectively into SRDR. Outcome data,demographics data, and harms data files have been uploaded.
Funding Source
N/A

Key Questions

1. KQ1: Among children ages 2-12 with ASD, what is the comparative effectiveness (benefits and harms) of interventions targeting sensory challenges? a) What are the effects on core symptoms (e.g., deficits in social communication and interaction; restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities including hyper- or hypo- reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment) in the short term (≤6 months)? b) What are the effects on commonly associated symptoms (e.g., motor, medical, mood/anxiety, irritability, and hyperactivity) in the short term (≤6 months)? c) What are the longer-term effects (>6 months) on core symptoms (e.g., social deficits, communication deficits, and repetitive behaviors)? d) What are the longer-term effects (>6 months) on commonly associated symptoms (e.g., motor, medical, mood/anxiety, irritability, and hyperactivity)?
2. KQ2: Among children ages 2-12 with ASD, what are the modifiers of outcome for different interventions targeting sensory challenges? a) Is the effectiveness of the therapies reviewed affected by the frequency, duration, intensity, or dose of the intervention? b) Is the effectiveness of the therapies reviewed affected by co-interventions or prior treatment or the training and/or experience of the individual providing the therapy? c) What characteristics (e.g., age, symptom severity), if any, of the child modify the effectiveness of the therapies reviewed? d) What characteristics, if any, of the family modify the effectiveness of the therapies reviewed?
3. KQ3: What is the time to effect of interventions targeting sensory challenges?
4. KQ4: What is the evidence that effects measured at the end of the treatment phase predict long-term functional outcomes of interventions targeting sensory challenges?
5. KQ5: Is the effectiveness of interventions targeting sensory challenges maintained across environments or contexts (e.g., people, places, materials)?
6. KQ6: What evidence supports specific components of treatment with interventions targeting sensory challenges as driving outcomes, either within a single treatment or across treatments?

Associated Extraction Forms

Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

TitleAuthorsYear
A sensory integration therapy program on sensory problems for children with autism.2008
Pilot study: efficacy of sensory integration therapy for Japanese children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder.2014
Effectiveness of sensory integration interventions in children with autism spectrum disorders: a pilot study.-- Not Found --
An intervention for sensory difficulties in children with autism: a randomized trial.2014
Reducing auditory hypersensitivities in autistic spectrum disorder: preliminary findings evaluating the listening project protocol.2014
Brief report: the effects of Tomatis sound therapy on language in children with autism.2008
Auditory integration training for children with autism: no behavioral benefits detected.2000
Environmental enrichment as a therapy for autism: A clinical trial replication and extension.2015
Environmental enrichment as an effective treatment for autism: a randomized controlled trial.2013
Family-centred music therapy to promote social engagement in young children with severe autism spectrum disorder: a randomized controlled study.2014
The effects of improvisational music therapy on joint attention behaviors in autistic children: a randomized controlled study.2008
Music therapy: An effective approach in improving social skills of children with autism.
The effects of embodied rhythm and robotic interventions on the spontaneous and responsive social attention patterns of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A pilot randomized controlled trial.2016
Effect of augmented sensorimotor input on learning verbal and nonverbal tasks among children with autism spectrum disorders.2014
Weighted blankets and sleep in autistic children--a randomized controlled trial.2014
Qigong massage treatment for sensory and self-regulation problems in young children with autism: a randomized controlled trial.-- Not Found --
Effects of Thai traditional massage on autistic children's behavior.2009
Treatment of tactile impairment in young children with autism: results with qigong massage.2013
Early intervention for autism with a parent-delivered Qigong massage program: a randomized controlled trial.-- Not Found --
Early Intervention with a Parent-Delivered Massage Protocol Directed at Tactile Abnormalities Decreases Severity of Autism and Improves Child-to-Parent Interactions: A Replication Study.2015
Improvement in sensory impairment and social interaction in young children with autism following treatment with an original Qigong massage methodology.2007
Effects of relational music therapy on communication of children with autism: A randomized controlled study2011
The effects of embodied rhythm and robotic interventions on the spontaneous and responsive verbal communication skills of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A further outcome of a pilot randomized controlled trial2016
Effects of Massage and Attachment Promotion Program on Social Maturity, Child Autism and Attachment of Children with Autism and Their Mothers2008

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