Achieving Health Equity in Preventive Services

Project Summary Title and Description

Title
Achieving Health Equity in Preventive Services
Description
To summarize research on achieving health equity in ten preventive services for cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes in adults for a National Institutes of Health Pathways to Prevention Workshop by identifying the effects of impediments and barriers that create disparities and the effectiveness of interventions to reduce them.
Attribution
N/A
Authors of Report
N/A
Methodology description
Eligible abstracts and full-text articles were independently dual-reviewed for inclusion using pre-established criteria. Data were abstracted into evidence tables and verified for accuracy and completeness. Risk of bias and applicability of studies were independently dual-rated using established criteria; disagreements were resolved by consensus. Strength of evidence and applicability for each Key Question and outcome were assessed through consensus using established methods. A profile likelihood random effects model was used for meta-analysis.
PROSPERO
CRD42018109263
DOI
N/A
Notes
Table F-1. Key Question 2 study characteristics Table F-2. Key Question 2 results Table F-3. Key Question 3 study characteristics Table F-4. Key Question 3 results Table F-5. Key Question 4 study characteristics Table F-6. Key Question 4 outcomes Table F-7. Key question 5 study characteristics Table F-8. Key Question 5 outcomes Uploaded files: KQ2 Evidence table KQ3 Evidence table KQ4 Evidence table KQ5 Evidence table
Funding Source
AHRQ Contract No. HHSA2902015000091

Key Questions

1. What is the effect of impediments and barriers on the part of providers to the adoption, promotion and implementation of evidence-based preventive services that contribute to disparities in preventive services? Which of them are most common?
2. What is the effect of impediments and barriers on the part of populations adversely affected by disparities to the adoption, promotion, and implementation of evidence-based preventive services that contribute to disparities in preventive services? Which of them are most common?
3. What is the effectiveness of different approaches and strategies between providers and patients that connect and integrate evidence-based preventive practices for reducing disparities in preventive services?
4. What is the effectiveness of health information technologies and digital enterprises to improve the adoption, implementation and dissemination of evidence-based preventive services in settings that serve populations adversely affected by disparities?
5. What is the effectiveness of interventions that healthcare organizations and systems implement to reduce disparities in preventive services use?

Associated Extraction Forms

Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

TitleAuthorsYear
Differences in quit attempts between non-Hispanic Black and White daily smokers: the role of smoking motives.2014
Differences between Latino and non-Latino White smokers in cognitive and behavioral characteristics relevant to smoking cessation.2005
Case management intervention in cervical cancer prevention: the Boston REACH coalition women's health demonstration project.2011
Addressing multilevel barriers to cervical cancer screening in Korean American women: A randomized trial of a community-based intervention.
Could mobile mammography reduce social and geographic inequalities in breast cancer screening participation?2017
A randomized controlled trial to increase cancer screening among attendees of community health centers.-- Not Found --
A community-based randomized trial of a faith-placed intervention to reduce cervical cancer burden in Appalachia.2012
Design and evaluation of a theory-based, culturally relevant outreach model for breast and cervical cancer screening for Latina immigrants.2012
Smoking behaviors and regular source of health care among African Americans.2002
Can language-concordant prevention care managers improve cancer screening rates?2007
Addressing social determinants of health to improve access to early breast cancer detection: results of the Boston REACH 2010 Breast and Cervical Cancer Coalition Women's Health Demonstration Project.2009
Randomized, controlled trial of a multimodal intervention to improve cancer screening rates in a safety-net primary care practice.
A breast health educational program for Chinese-American women: 3- to 12-month postintervention effect.-- Not Found --
Effectiveness of a web-based colorectal cancer screening patient decision aid: a randomized controlled trial in a mixed-literacy population.
Randomized trial of an intervention to improve mammography utilization among a triracial rural population of women.
A trial of 3 interventions to promote colorectal cancer screening in African Americans.
Breast Cancer Screening for Patients of Rural Accountable Care Organization Clinics: A Multi-Level Analysis of Barriers and Facilitators.2018
Randomized controlled trial of mammography intervention in insured very low-income women.2010
A randomized controlled trial of a multilevel intervention to increase colorectal cancer screening among Latino immigrants in a primary care facility.2010
Randomized trial to increase colorectal cancer screening in an ethnically diverse sample of first-degree relatives.2015
A randomized controlled trial using patient navigation to increase colonoscopy screening among low-income minorities.2008
Colorectal cancer screening among ethnically diverse, low-income patients: a randomized controlled trial.2011
Weight loss maintenance following a primary care intervention for low-income minority women.2008
Aid-assisted decision making and colorectal cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial.2012
Race and response to colon cancer screening interventions.-- Not Found --
Pediatric-based smoking cessation intervention for low-income women: a randomized trial.2003
Increasing breast and cervical cancer screening in low-income women.1998
A primary care weight management intervention for low-income African-American women.2006
Results of a randomized controlled trial to increase cervical cancer screening among rural Latinas.2017
Evidence-based intervention to reduce access barriers to cervical cancer screening among underserved Chinese American women.2010
Obesity treatment for socioeconomically disadvantaged patients in primary care practice.
Proactive tobacco cessation outreach to smokers of low socioeconomic status: a randomized clinical trial.2015
Randomized, controlled trial of a multimodal intervention to improve cancer screening rates in a safety-net primary care practice.
Effectiveness of a web-based colorectal cancer screening patient decision aid: a randomized controlled trial in a mixed-literacy population.2011
Effect of a Digital Health Intervention on Receipt of Colorectal Cancer Screening in Vulnerable Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.2018
Comparative and cost effectiveness of telemedicine versus telephone counseling for smoking cessation.
Randomized trial of a lay health advisor and computer intervention to increase mammography screening in African American women.2010
Behavioral treatment for weight gain prevention among black women in primary care practice: a randomized clinical trial.2013
Text message reminders increased colorectal cancer screening in a randomized trial with Alaska Native and American Indian people.
The effect of patient reminders on the use of screening mammography in an urban health department primary care setting.2001
A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Cervical Cancer Education Intervention for Latinas Delivered Through Interactive, Multimedia Kiosks.2018
Final Results of a 3-Year Literacy-Informed Intervention to Promote Annual Fecal Occult Blood Test Screening.2016
Third Annual Fecal Occult Blood Testing in Community Health Clinics.2016
A trial of 3 interventions to promote colorectal cancer screening in African Americans.2010
Effectiveness of a clinic-based colorectal cancer screening promotion program for underserved Hispanics.2011
Effectiveness of a Mailed Colorectal Cancer Screening Outreach Program in Community Health Clinics: The STOP CRC Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial.2018
Improving colon cancer screening in community clinics.2013
Patient Navigation for Colonoscopy Completion: Results of an RCT.2017
Telephone outreach to increase colon cancer screening in medicaid managed care organizations: a randomized controlled trial.-- Not Found --
A randomized controlled calendar mail-out to increase cancer screening among urban American Indian and Alaska Native patients.2011
Addressing multilevel barriers to cervical cancer screening in Korean American women: A randomized trial of a community-based intervention.2017
A multimodal intervention to promote mammography and colorectal cancer screening in a safety-net practice.2011
Enhancing adherence among older African American men enrolled in a longitudinal cancer screening trial.2006
Get screened: a randomized trial of the incremental benefits of reminders, recall, and outreach on cancer screening.
Colorectal cancer screening of African Americans by internal medicine resident physicians can be improved with focused educational efforts.2007
Mailings timed to patients' appointments: a controlled trial of fecal occult blood test cards.2004
Comparative Effectiveness of Multifaceted Outreach to Initiate Colorectal Cancer Screening in Community Health Centers: A Randomized Controlled Trial.2015
Tobacco cessation via public dental clinics: results of a randomized trial.2010
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of a Navigation Program for Colorectal Cancer Screening to Reduce Social Health Inequalities: A French Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.2018
Comparative effectiveness of fecal immunochemical test outreach, colonoscopy outreach, and usual care for boosting colorectal cancer screening among the underserved: a randomized clinical trial.2013
Uptake of the English Bowel (Colorectal) Cancer Screening Programme: an update 5 years after the full roll-out.2018
Loss-framed minimal intervention increases mammography use.-- Not Found --
Evaluating a tailored intervention to increase screening mammography in an urban area.2005
Comparative effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention to improve adherence to annual colorectal cancer screening in community health centers: a randomized clinical trial.2014
Boston Patient Navigation Research Program: the impact of navigation on time to diagnostic resolution after abnormal cancer screening.2012
Building Equity Improvement into Quality Improvement: Reducing Socioeconomic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening as Part of Population Health Management.2015
Reducing cancer screening disparities in medicare beneficiaries through cancer patient navigation.2015
AMIGAS: a multicity, multicomponent cervical cancer prevention trial among Mexican American women.2013
Community-Based, Preclinical Patient Navigation for Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Older Black Men Recruited From Barbershops: The MISTER B Trial.2017
Multilevel Intervention Raises Latina Participation in Mammography Screening: Findings from ยกFortaleza Latina!2016
Telephone care management to improve cancer screening among low-income women: a randomized, controlled trial.2006
Effectiveness of a primary care practice intervention for increasing colorectal cancer screening in Appalachian Kentucky.2014
Patient navigation to increase colorectal cancer screening among Latino Medicare enrollees: a randomized controlled trial.2015
Compliance with fecal occult blood test screening among low-income medical outpatients: a randomized controlled trial using a videotaped intervention.2001
A brief smoking cessation intervention for women in low-income planned parenthood clinics.2000
Patient navigation to reduce social inequalities in colorectal cancer screening participation: A cluster randomized controlled trial.2017
Randomized, controlled trial of a multimodal intervention to improve cancer screening rates in a safety-net primary care practice.2014
An entertainment-education colorectal cancer screening decision aid for African American patients: A randomized controlled trial.2017
Evaluation of a patient navigation program to promote colorectal cancer screening in rural Georgia, USA.2013
Effect of patient navigation on colorectal cancer screening in a community-based randomized controlled trial of urban African American adults.2015
Adherence to colorectal cancer screening: a randomized clinical trial of competing strategies.2012
Use of a patient navigator to increase colorectal cancer screening in an urban neighborhood health clinic.2005

Downloadable Data Content

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