Screening for Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Adults: An Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Project Summary Title and Description

Screening for Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Adults: An Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
Authors of Report
Cynthia Feltner, MD, MPH Christine Peat, PhD Shivani Reddy, MD, MS Sean Riley, MA, MSc Nancy Berkman, PhD Jennifer Cook Middleton, PhD Casey Balio, PhD Manny Coker-Schwimmer, MPH Daniel E. Jonas, MD, MPH
Methodology description
Systematic Review
Web address: PubMed ID: 35344311 Data was entered into this project retrospectively. Links to Download Appendices and Evidence Tables:
Funding Source

Key Questions

1. Does screening for eating disorders in adolescents and adults improve health outcomes, including for specific subgroups of interest?
2. What is the accuracy of primary care–relevant screening tools for eating disorders in adolescents and adults, including for specific subgroups of interest?
3. What are the harms of screening for eating disorders in adolescents and adults, including for specific subgroups of interest?
4. How effective are interventions for improving health outcomes in screen-detected or previously untreated adolescents and adults with eating disorders, including for specific subgroups of interest?
5. What are the harms of interventions for eating disorders, including for specific subgroups of interest?

Associated Extraction Forms


Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

Title Authors Year
Sex difference in using the SCOFF questionnaire to identify eating disorder patients at a psychiatric outpatient clinic. Liu CY; Tseng MC; Chen KY; Chang CH; Liao SC; Chen HC 2015 Feb
Screen for Disordered Eating: Improving the accuracy of eating disorder screening in primary care. Maguen S; Hebenstreit C; Li Y; Dinh JV; Donalson R; Dalton S; Rubin E; Masheb R 2018 Jan - Feb
SCOFF, the development of an eating disorder screening questionnaire. Hill LS; Reid F; Morgan JF; Lacey JH 2010 May
Validity and reliability of the english version of the sick, control, one stone, fat, food (SCOFF) in Malaysia. Wan Wahida WMZ; Lai PSM; Abdul Hadi H 2017 Apr
Screening for eating disorders in primary care: EDE-Q versus SCOFF. Mond JM; Myers TC; Crosby RD; Hay PJ; Rodgers B; Morgan JF; Lacey JH; Mitchell JE 2008 May
A screening tool for detecting eating disorder risk and diagnostic symptoms among college-age women. Graham AK; Trockel M; Weisman H; Fitzsimmons-Craft EE; Balantekin KN; Wilfley DE; Taylor CB 2019 May-Jun
Validation of the Finnish version of the SCOFF questionnaire among young adults aged 20 to 35 years. Lahteenmaki S; Aalto-Setala T; Suokas JT; Saarni SE; Perala J; Saarni SI; Aro H; Lonnqvist J; Suvisaari JM 2009 Feb 8
A brief screening measure for binge eating in primary care. Dorflinger LM; Ruser CB; Masheb RM 2017 Aug
Application of the SCOFF, Eating Attitude Test 26 (EAT 26) and Eating Inventory (TFEQ) Questionnaires in young women seeking diet-therapy. Siervo M; Boschi V; Papa A; Bellini O; Falconi C 2005 Jun
Eating disorders in graduate students: exploring the SCOFF questionnaire as a simple screening tool. Parker SC; Lyons J; Bonner J 2005 Sep-Oct
The SCOFF-c: psychometric properties of the Catalan version in a Spanish adolescent sample. Muro-Sans P; Amador-Campos JA; Morgan JF 2008 Jan
Validation of the French version of SCOFF questionnaire for screening of eating disorders among adults. Garcia FD; Grigioni S; Chelali S; Meyrignac G; Thibaut F; Dechelotte P 2010 Oct
Screening Obese Adolescents for Binge Eating Disorder in Primary Care: The Adolescent Binge Eating Scale. Chamay-Weber C; Combescure C; Lanza L; Carrard I; Haller DM 2017 Jun
Screening for binge eating disorders using the Patient Health Questionnaire in a community sample. Striegel-Moore RH; Perrin N; DeBar L; Wilson GT; Rosselli F; Kraemer HC 2010 May
Screening for binge eating disorder in obese outpatients. Ricca V; Mannucci E; Moretti S; Di Bernardo M; Zucchi T; Cabras PL; Rotella CM 2000 Mar-Apr
The SCOFF questionnaire and clinical interview for eating disorders in general practice: comparative study. Luck AJ; Morgan JF; Reid F; O'Brien A; Brunton J; Price C; Perry L; Lacey JH 2002 Oct 5
Enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy for eating disorders adapted for a group setting. Wade S; Byrne S; Allen K 2017 Aug
Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate in binge eating disorder: a placebo controlled trial. Guerdjikova AI; Mori N; Blom TJ; Keck PE Jr; Williams SL; Welge JA; McElroy SL 2016 Sep
Randomized Controlled Trial of an Internet-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment Program for Binge-Eating Disorder. Wagner B; Nagl M; Dolemeyer R; Klinitzke G; Steinig J; Hilbert A; Kersting A 2016 Jul
A randomized controlled trial of internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy for bulimia nervosa or related disorders in a student population. Sanchez-Ortiz VC; Munro C; Stahl D; House J; Startup H; Treasure J; Williams C; Schmidt U 2011 Feb
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate Effects on Binge Eating Behaviour and Obsessive-Compulsive and Impulsive Features in Adults with Binge Eating Disorder. McElroy SL; Mitchell JE; Wilfley D; Gasior M; Ferreira-Cornwell MC; McKay M; Wang J; Whitaker T; Hudson JI 2016 May
Self-compassion training for binge eating disorder: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Kelly AC; Carter JC 2015 Sep
Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate for Adults with Moderate to Severe Binge Eating Disorder: Results of Two Pivotal Phase 3 Randomized Controlled Trials. McElroy SL; Hudson J; Ferreira-Cornwell MC; Radewonuk J; Whitaker T; Gasior M 2016 Apr
Bupropion for overweight women with binge-eating disorder: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. White MA; Grilo CM 2013 Apr
Self-help for binge eating disorder in primary care: a randomized controlled trial with ethnically and racially diverse obese patients. Grilo CM; White MA; Gueorguieva R; Barnes RD; Masheb RM 2013 Dec
Efficacy and safety of lisdexamfetamine for treatment of adults with moderate to severe binge-eating disorder: a randomized clinical trial. McElroy SL; Hudson JI; Mitchell JE; Wilfley D; Ferreira-Cornwell MC; Gao J; Wang J; Whitaker T; Jonas J; Gasior M 2015 Mar
A placebo-controlled, randomized trial of fluoxetine in the treatment of binge-eating disorder. Arnold LM; McElroy SL; Hudson JI; Welge JA; Bennett AJ; Keck PE 2002 Nov
Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy and fluoxetine for the treatment of binge eating disorder: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled comparison. Grilo CM; Masheb RM; Wilson GT 2005 Feb 1
Remote treatment of bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder: a randomized trial of Internet-assisted cognitive behavioural therapy. Ljotsson B; Lundin C; Mitsell K; Carlbring P; Ramklint M; Ghaderi A 2007 Apr
Duloxetine in the treatment of binge eating disorder with depressive disorders: a placebo-controlled trial. Guerdjikova AI; McElroy SL; Winstanley EL; Nelson EB; Mori N; McCoy J; Keck PE Jr; Hudson JI 2012 Mar
Placebo-controlled trial of sertraline in the treatment of binge eating disorder. McElroy SL; Casuto LS; Nelson EB; Lake KA; Soutullo CA; Keck PE Jr; Hudson JI 2000 Jun
The relative efficacy of fluoxetine and manual-based self-help in the treatment of outpatients with bulimia nervosa. Mitchell JE; Fletcher L; Hanson K; Mussell MP; Seim H; Crosby R; Al-Banna M 2001 Jun
Long-term outcome of antidepressant treatment for bulimia nervosa. Walsh BT; Hadigan CM; Devlin MJ; Gladis M; Roose SP 1991 Sep
A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluvoxamine in binge eating disorder: a high placebo response. Pearlstein T; Spurell E; Hohlstein LA; Gurney V; Read J; Fuchs C; Keller MB 2003 Apr
Fluoxetine in the treatment of bulimia nervosa. A multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Fluoxetine Bulimia Nervosa Collaborative Study Group. Fluoxetine Bulimia Nervosa Collaborative Study Group 1992 Feb
Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for patients with eating disorders: a two-site trial with 60-week follow-up. Fairburn CG; Cooper Z; Doll HA; O'Connor ME; Bohn K; Hawker DM; Wales JA; Palmer RL 2009 Mar
Topiramate for the treatment of binge eating disorder associated with obesity: a placebo-controlled study. McElroy SL; Hudson JI; Capece JA; Beyers K; Fisher AC; Rosenthal NR 2007 May 1
Dialectical behavior therapy self-help for binge-eating disorder: A randomized controlled study. Carter JC; Kenny TE; Singleton C; Van Wijk M; Heath O 2020 Mar
Imipramine and diet counseling with psychological support in the treatment of obese binge eaters: a randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study. Laederach-Hofmann K; Graf C; Horber F; Lippuner K; Lederer S; Michel R; Schneider M 1999 Nov
High-dose escitalopram in the treatment of binge-eating disorder with obesity: a placebo-controlled monotherapy trial. Guerdjikova AI; McElroy SL; Kotwal R; Welge JA; Nelson E; Lake K; Alessio DD; Keck PE Jr; Hudson JI 2008 Jan
Appetite-focused dialectical behavior therapy for the treatment of binge eating with purging: a preliminary trial. Hill DM; Craighead LW; Safer DL 2011 Apr
Effects of Lisdexamfetamine Dimesylate on Functional Impairment Measured on the Sheehan Disability Scale in Adults With Moderate-to-severe Binge Eating Disorder: Results from Two Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trials. Sheehan DV; Gasior M; McElroy SL; Radewonuk J; Herman BK; Hudson J 2018 Jun 1
Topiramate in the treatment of binge eating disorder associated with obesity: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. McElroy SL; Arnold LM; Shapira NA; Keck PE Jr; Rosenthal NR; Karim MR; Kamin M; Hudson JI 2003 Feb
Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for Recurrent Binge Eating in Adolescent Girls: A Pilot Trial. Debar LL; Wilson GT; Yarborough BJ; Burns B; Oyler B; Hildebrandt T; Clarke GN; Dickerson J; Striegel RH 2013 May 1
Treatment of binge eating disorder in racially and ethnically diverse obese patients in primary care: randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial of self-help and medication. Grilo CM; Masheb RM; White MA; Gueorguieva R; Barnes RD; Walsh BT; McKenzie KC; Genao I; Garcia R 2014 Jul
Group behavioral activation for patients with severe obesity and binge eating disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Alfonsson S; Parling T; Ghaderi A 2015 Mar
Self-help for bulimia nervosa: a randomized controlled trial. Carter JC; Olmsted MP; Kaplan AS; McCabe RE; Mills JS; Aime A 2003 May
A preliminary trial of an online dissonance-based eating disorder intervention. Green MA; Kroska A; Herrick A; Bryant B; Sage E; Miles L; Ravet M; Powers M; Whitegoat W; Linkhart R; King B 2018 Dec
IMPULS: Impulsivity-Focused Group Intervention to Reduce Binge Eating Episodes in Patients with Binge Eating Disorder - A Randomised Controlled Trial. Schag K; Rennhak SK; Leehr EJ; Skoda EM; Becker S; Bethge W; Martus P; Zipfel S; Giel KE 2019
Randomised controlled trial of CD-ROM-based cognitive-behavioural self-care for bulimia nervosa. Schmidt U; Andiappan M; Grover M; Robinson S; Perkins S; Dugmore O; Treasure J; Landau S; Eisler I; Williams C 2008 Dec
Group cognitive-behavioral therapy and group interpersonal psychotherapy for the nonpurging bulimic individual: a controlled comparison. Wilfley DE; Agras WS; Telch CF; Rossiter EM; Schneider JA; Cole AG; Sifford LA; Raeburn SD 1993 Apr
The efficacy of a short version of a cognitive-behavioral treatment followed by booster sessions for binge eating disorder. Schlup B; Munsch S; Meyer AH; Margraf J; Wilhelm FH 2009 Jul
Group cognitive-behavioral treatment for the nonpurging bulimic: an initial evaluation. Telch CF; Agras WS; Rossiter EM; Wilfley D; Kenardy J 1990 Oct
A randomized wait-list controlled pilot study of dialectical behaviour therapy guided self-help for binge eating disorder. Masson PC; von Ranson KM; Wallace LM; Safer DL 2013 Nov
Randomized controlled trial of a culturally-adapted program for Latinas with binge eating. Cachelin FM; Gil-Rivas V; Palmer B; Vela A; Phimphasone P; de Hernandez BU; Tapp H 2019 Aug
Four simple questions can help screen for eating disorders. Cotton MA; Ball C; Robinson P 2003 Jan
A structured behaviorally oriented group treatment for bulimia nervosa. Laessle RG; Waadt S; Pirke KM 1987
Fluoxetine in the treatment of anxiety, depressive symptoms, and eating-related symptoms in bulimia nervosa Kaneva R; Rissanen A; Sarna, S 1995
A new instrument measuring disturbed eating patterns in community populations: development and initial validation of a five-item scale (EDS-5) Rosenvinge JH; Perry JA; Bjørgum L; Bergersen TD; Silvera DH; Holte A 2001

Downloadable Data Content

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