Extraction form for project: IPMP (Integrated Pain Management Programs)

Design Details

1. What type of program does the study assess (IPMP or CPMP)?
Integrated Pain Management Program (IPMP): Based in, integrated with, coordinated by primary care. Comprehensive Pain Management Program (CPMP): Referral based and separate from primary care.
2. In what country was the study conducted?
List all applicable countries.
3. What study design was used?
Please select the appropriate study design for the study. If the study design is not listed, you may add the appropriate study design.
4. Mean age
Report across all patients included in relevant study arms. Round to whole number. Include the word "years" after reporting the mean age.
5. % male
Report across all patients included in relevant study arms. Round to whole number. Include "%" symbol.
6. % Non-white
Report across all patients included in relevant study arms. Round to whole number. Include "%" symbol. If not reported, put NR.
7. Mean duration of pain or symptoms
Report across all patients included in relevant study arms. Round to whole number. Report duration in terms of months. If not reported, put NR.
8. Pain etiology/type
9. Disability
Disability can be measured in several ways. For example, authors may report the percent of patients receiving disability payments or they may report the mean score of a continuous disability scale such as the Pain Disability Index. Either are appropriate here, just be explicit about what is being reported.
10. Comorbidities
Extract the percent of patients with relevant comorbidities. Round percentages to whole numbers. If not reported, put NR.
% Depression diagnosis
% Anxiety diagnosis
% PTSD disagnosis
% Overweight or obese
% w/ Substance Use Disorder
% Smokers
% Suicidal
11. Randomized, Analyzed, and Attrition (at longest followup point)
For attrition report as: % (n/N)
Randomized
Analyzed
Attrition
12. How was the study funded?
13. Notes and comments

Arms

Arm NameArm Description
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)Multimodal Rehabilitation (treatment from at least 3 different healthcare professionals, i.e., physiotherapist, physician, occupational therapist, psychologist, or psychosocial counselor, nurse) plus a web-based behavioural change programme for activity (Web-BCPA)
IPMP aloneTreatment from at least 3 different healthcare professionals (physiotherapist, physician, occupational therapist, psychologist, or psychosocial counselor, nurse)

Arm Details

1. Is the program practice-based or system-based?
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone
2. How many patients were randomized to this treatment arm?
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone
3. Program duration (weeks)
Please report the duration of the program in weeks and include "weeks" in the text box.
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone
4. Number of sessions per week
Report as X sessions/week
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone
5. Was the program conducted in the inpatient or outpatient setting?
Select one.
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone
6. Physical Functioning/Reconditioning & Psychological and Mental Health Components of Intervention
For treatment providers, you may write-in any options that are needed that are not already presented. For duration of treatment report as "X sessions per week over X weeks", when possible. For anything not reported, put NR.
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
Physical Functioning/Reconditioning Components of InterventionPsychological and Mental Health Components of Intervention
Treatment types
Treatment providers
Mode of delivery
Duration of treatment
Tailoring
Adherence
IPMP alone
Physical Functioning/Reconditioning Components of InterventionPsychological and Mental Health Components of Intervention
Treatment types
Treatment providers
Mode of delivery
Duration of treatment
Tailoring
Adherence
7. Medication Review and/or Management Components of Intervention
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone
8. Additional components of the intervention
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone
9. Description of care coordination/collaboration
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)
IPMP alone

Sample Characteristics

N/A

Outcomes

TypeDomainSpecific measurement (i.e., tool/definition/specific outcome)PopulationsTimepoints
CategoricalPainMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on VAS pain
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalPainMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on Pain Disability Index
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousPainVAS pain (average intensity over past 7 days)
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousPainPain Disability Index
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Physical Function subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Role Physical subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on Bodily Pain subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on General Health subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on Vitality subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Social Functioning subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Emotional Role subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
CategoricalQOLMCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Mental Health subscale
  • All Participants
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 Physical Function subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 Role Physical subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 Bodily Pain subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 General Health subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 Vitality subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 Social functioning subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 Emotional Role subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months
ContinuousQOLSF-36 Mental Health subscale
  • All Participants
  • Baseline
  • 4 months
  • 12 months

Outcome Details

N/A

Risk of Bias Assessment

1. Randomization adequate?
Rating
2. Allocation concealment adequate?
Rating
3. Groups similar at baseline?
Rating
4. Outcome assessors masked?
Rating
5. Care providers masked?
Rating
6. Patient masked?
Rating
7. Reporting of attrition, crossovers, adherence, and contamination?
Rating
8. Loss to followup acceptable?
Overall ≤20%?
Difference between groups <10%?
9. Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis?
Overall ≤20%?
10. Outcomes prespecified?
Overall ≤20%?
11. Quality determination
Overall ≤20%?

Results

Categorical


Pain (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on VAS pain)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

Pain (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on Pain Disability Index)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Physical Function subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Role Physical subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on Bodily Pain subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on General Health subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on Vitality subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Social Functioning subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Emotional Role subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (MCID (improvement) of ≥30% on SF-36 Mental Health subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Risk Ratio (RR)
Events
95% CI low (RR)
Percentage
95% CI high (RR)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

Continuous


Pain (VAS pain (average intensity over past 7 days))

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Adjusted for (adjMD):
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Adjusted for (adjMD):
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Adjusted for (adjMD):
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

Pain (Pain Disability Index)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Adjusted for (adjMD):
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Adjusted for (adjMD):
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Adjusted for (adjMD):
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 Physical Function subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 Role Physical subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 Bodily Pain subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 General Health subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 Vitality subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 Social functioning subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 Emotional Role subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)

QOL (SF-36 Mental Health subscale)

All Participants
Descriptive StatisticsBetween Arm Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)
Baseline
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
4 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
12 months
Total (N analyzed)
Mean Difference, Adjusted (adjMD)
Mean
95% CI low (adjMD)
SD
95% CI high (adjMD)
Within Arm ComparisonsNet Comparisons
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA)IPMP alone
IPMP + web-based intervention (Web-BCPA) (Multimodal...)
vs.
IPMP alone (Treatment...)