Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthy Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults Without Known Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Updated Systematic Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Project Summary Title and Description

Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthy Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults Without Known Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Updated Systematic Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
To synthesize the evidence on benefits and harms of behavioral counseling interventions to promote a healthy diet and physical activity in adults without known cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to inform a US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation.. All 113 studies were randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of behavioral interventions targeting improved diet, increased physical activity, or decreased sedentary time among adults without known elevated blood pressure, elevated lipids, or impaired fasting glucose.
Authors of Report
Carrie D. Patnode, PhD, MPH Nadia Redmond, MSPH Megan O. Iacocca, MS Michelle Henninger, PhD
Methodology description
Systematic Review
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2022 Jul. Report No.: 22-05289-EF-1
Funding Source
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Key Questions

1. KQ 1. Do Primary Care Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Improve Diet, Increase Physical Activity, and/or Reduce Sedentary Behavior Improve Health Outcomes in Adults?
2. KQ 2. Do Primary Care Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Improve Diet, Increase Physical Activity, and/or Reduce Sedentary Behavior Improve Intermediate Outcomes Associated With CVD in Adults?
3. KQ 3. Do Primary Care Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Improve Diet, Increase Physical Activity, and/or Reduce Sedentary Behavior Improve Associated Health Behaviors in Adults?
4. KQ 4. What Adverse Events Are Associated With Primary Care Behavioral Counseling Interventions to Improve Diet, Increase Physical Activity, and/or Reduce Sedentary Behavior in Adults?

Associated Extraction Forms


Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

Title Authors Year
Exploring the efficacy and moderators of two computer-tailored physical activity interventions for older adults: a randomized controlled trial. van Stralen MM, de Vries H, Bolman C, Mudde AN, Lechner L 2010 May
A community health worker-led lifestyle behavior intervention for Latina (Hispanic) women: feasibility and outcomes of a randomized controlled trial. Koniak-Griffin D, Brecht ML, Takayanagi S, Villegas J, Melendrez M, Balcazar H 2015 Jan
A Mediation Analysis of Mothers' Dietary Intake: The Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud Randomized Controlled Trial. Horton LA, Ayala GX, Slymen DJ, Ibarra L, Hernandez E, Parada H, Rock CL, Arredondo EM, Elder JP 2018 Aug
A Mobile Health Lifestyle Program for Prevention of Weight Gain in Young Adults (TXT2BFiT): Nine-Month Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial
A pedometer-based walking intervention in 45- to 75-year-olds, with and without practice nurse support: the PACE-UP three-arm cluster RCT. Harris T, Kerry S, Victor C, Iliffe S, Ussher M, Fox-Rushby J, Whincup P, Ekelund U, Furness C, Limb E, Anokye N, Ibison J, DeWilde S, David L, Howard E, Dale R, Smith J, Normansell R, Beighton C, Morgan K, Wahlich C, Sanghera S, Cook D 2018 Jun
Effect of a Game-Based Intervention Designed to Enhance Social Incentives to Increase Physical Activity Among Families: The BE FIT Randomized Clinical Trial. Patel MS, Benjamin EJ, Volpp KG, Fox CS, Small DS, Massaro JM, Lee JJ, Hilbert V, Valentino M, Taylor DH, Manders ES, Mutalik K, Zhu J, Wang W, Murabito JM 2017 Nov 1
Effect of Current Dietary Recommendations on Weight Loss and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
Effectiveness of individual counseling and activity monitors to promote physical activity among university students. Maselli M, Gobbi E, Carraro A 2019 Jan
Effects of health risk assessment and counselling on physical activity in older people: A pragmatic randomised trial
Healthy Immigrant Families: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Family-Based Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention. Wieland ML, Hanza MMM, Weis JA, Meiers SJ, Patten CA, Clark MM, Sloan JA, Novotny PJ, Njeru JW, Abbenyi A, Levine JA, Goodson M, Capetillo GDP, Osman A, Hared A, Nigon JA, Sia IG 2018 Feb
Home-Based and Technology-Centered Childhood Obesity Prevention for Chinese Mothers With Preschool-Aged Children. Sun A, Cheng J, Bui Q, Liang Y, Ng T, Chen JL 2017 Nov
Impact of Improving Home Environments on Energy Intake and Physical Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Kegler MC, Haardorfer R, Alcantara IC, Gazmararian JA, Veluswamy JK, Hodge TL, Addison AR, Hotz JA 2016 Jan
Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Through a Healthy Eating Blog: A Feasibility Study. Caplette ME, Provencher V, Bissonnette-Maheux V, Dugrenier M, Lapointe A, Gagnon MP, Straus S, Desroches S 2017 Apr 18
mHealth or eHealth? Efficacy, Use, and Appreciation of a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Physical Activity Intervention for Dutch Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Gomez Quinonez S, Walthouwer MJ, Schulz DN, de Vries H 2016 Nov 9
Multicomponent mHealth Intervention for Large, Sustained Change in Multiple Diet and Activity Risk Behaviors: The Make Better Choices 2 Randomized Controlled Trial. Spring B, Pellegrini C, McFadden HG, Pfammatter AF, Stump TK, Siddique J, King AC, Hedeker D 2018 Jun 19
Pasos Hacia La Salud: a randomized controlled trial of an internet-delivered physical activity intervention for Latinas. Marcus BH, Hartman SJ, Larsen BA, Pekmezi D, Dunsiger SI, Linke S, Marquez B, Gans KM, Bock BC, Mendoza-Vasconez AS, Noble ML, Rojas C 2016 May 28
Preventing Weight Gain in Women in Rural Communities: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial
Referral for Expert Physical Activity Counseling: A Pragmatic RCT
ShopSmart 4 Health: results of a randomized controlled trial of a behavioral intervention promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among socioeconomically disadvantaged women
Effects of nutrition education on weight gain prevention: a randomized controlled trial. Metzgar CJ, Nickols-Richardson SM 2016 Mar 31
A Digital Health Intervention to Lower Cardiovascular Risk: A Randomized Clinical Trial
The Norwegian Healthy Life Centre Study: A pragmatic RCT of physical activity in primary care. Samdal GB, Meland E, Eide GE, Berntsen S, Abildsnes E, Stea TH, Mildestvedt T 2019 Feb
Findings From a Randomized Trial of Weight Gain Prevention Among Overweight Puerto Rican Young Adults. Halperin DT, Laux J, LeFranc-Garcia C, Araujo C, Palacios C 2019 Feb
Short- and Long-term Effects of a Mobile Phone App in Conjunction With Brief In-Person Counseling on Physical Activity Among Physically Inactive Women: The mPED Randomized Clinical Trial. Fukuoka Y, Haskell W, Lin F, Vittinghoff E 2019 May 3
Telephone-Based Coaching and Prompting for Physical Activity: Short- and Long-Term Findings of a Randomized Controlled Trial (Movingcall). Fischer X, Kreppke JN, Zahner L, Gerber M, Faude O, Donath L 2019 Jul 23
Motivational counseling to reduce sitting time: a community-based randomized controlled trial in adults
A randomized intervention of physical activity promotion and patient self-monitoring in primary health care. Aittasalo M, Miilunpalo S, Kukkonen-Harjula K, Pasanen M 2006 Jan
Effectiveness of a 12-month randomized clinical trial to increase physical activity in multiethnic postpartum women: results from Hawaii's Na Mikimiki Project. Albright CL, Steffen AD, Wilkens LR, White KK, Novotny R, Nigg CR, Saiki K, Brown WJ 2014 Dec
The behavioral and clinical effects of therapeutic lifestyle change on middle-aged adults. Aldana SG, Greenlaw RL, Diehl HA, Salberg A, Merrill RM, Ohmine S, Thomas C 2006 Jan
A randomized clinical trial evaluating online interventions to improve fruit and vegetable consumption. Alexander GL, McClure JB, Calvi JH, Divine GW, Stopponi MA, Rolnick SJ, Heimendinger J, Tolsma DD, Resnicow K, Campbell MK, Strecher VJ, Johnson CC 2010 Feb
Preliminary trial of the effect of general practice based nutritional advice. Baron JA, Gleason R, Crowe B, Mann JI 1990 Apr
Behavioral treatment for weight gain prevention among black women in primary care practice: a randomized clinical trial. Bennett GG, Foley P, Levine E, Whiteley J, Askew S, Steinberg DM, Batch B, Greaney ML, Miranda H, Wroth TH, Holder MG, Emmons KM, Puleo E 2013 Oct 28
A dietary intervention in primary care practice: the Eating Patterns Study. Beresford SA, Curry SJ, Kristal AR, Lazovich D, Feng Z, Wagner EH 1997 Apr
A home-based nutrition intervention to increase consumption of fruits, vegetables, and calcium-rich foods in community dwelling elders. Bernstein A, Nelson ME, Tucker KL, Layne J, Johnson E, Nuernberger A, Castaneda C, Judge JO, Buchner D, Singh MF 2002 Oct
A randomized controlled trial of an automated exercise coach for older adults. Bickmore TW, Silliman RA, Nelson K, Cheng DM, Winter M, Henault L, Paasche-Orlow MK 2013 Oct
Long-term (1- and 2-year) effects of lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes relatives. Brekke HK, Jansson PA, Lenner RA 2005 Dec
Colorado stride (COSTRIDE): testing genetic and physiological moderators of response to an intervention to increase physical activity. Bryan AD, Magnan RE, Hooper AE, Ciccolo JT, Marcus B, Hutchison KE 2013 Dec 21
Physical activity and nutrition behavioural outcomes of a home-based intervention program for seniors: a randomized controlled trial. Burke L, Lee AH, Jancey J, Xiang L, Kerr DA, Howat PA, Hills AP, Anderson AS 2013 Jan 31
Pilot test of a behavioral skill building intervention to improve overall diet quality. Carpenter RA, Finley C, Barlow CE 2004 Jan-Feb
Computerized tailored physical activity reports. A randomized controlled trial. Carroll JK, Lewis BA, Marcus BH, Lehman EB, Shaffer ML, Sciamanna CN 2010 Aug
The Women's Health Trial Feasibility Study in Minority Populations: changes in dietary intakes. Coates RJ, Bowen DJ, Kristal AR, Feng Z, Oberman A, Hall WD, George V, Lewis CE, Kestin M, Davis M, Evans M, Grizzle JE, Clifford CK 1999 Jun 15
Should implementation intentions interventions be implemented in obesity prevention: the impact of if-then plans on daily physical activity in Dutch adults. De Vet E, Oenema A, Sheeran P, Brug J 2009 Mar 6
Randomized trial of a "talking computer" to improve adults' eating habits. Delichatsios HK, Friedman RH, Glanz K, Tennstedt S, Smigelski C, Pinto BM, Kelley H, Gillman MW 2001 Mar-Apr
Effectiveness of counselling patients on physical activity in general practice: cluster randomised controlled trial. Elley CR, Kerse N, Arroll B, Robinson E 2003 Apr 12
Randomized Controlled Trial of an Improved Version of MobileMums, an Intervention for Increasing Physical Activity in Women with Young Children. Fjeldsoe BS, Miller YD, Graves N, Barnett AG, Marshall AL 2015 Aug
Motivation, self-efficacy, physical activity and nutrition in college students: randomized controlled trial of an internet-based education program. Franko DL, Cousineau TM, Trant M, Green TC, Rancourt D, Thompson D, Ainscough J, Mintz LB, Ciccazzo M 2008 Oct
Randomized trial of a low-intensity dietary intervention in rural residents: the Rural Physician Cancer Prevention Project. Fries E, Edinboro P, McClish D, Manion L, Bowen D, Beresford SA, Ripley J 2005 Feb
Physical activity counseling in overweight and obese primary care patients: Outcomes of the VA-STRIDE randomized controlled trial. Gao S, Stone RA, Hough LJ, Haibach JP, Marcus BH, Ciccolo JT, Kriska AM, Burkitt KH, Steenkiste AR, Berger MA, Sevick MA 2016 Jun
The Use of Text Messaging to Promote Physical Activity in Working Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Gell NM, Wadsworth DD 2015 Jun
Physician-based physical activity counseling for middle-aged and older adults: a randomized trial. Goldstein MG, Pinto BM, Marcus BH, Lynn H, Jette AM, Rakowski W, McDermott S, DePue JD, Milan FB, Dube C, Tennstedt S 1999 Spring
Effectiveness of physical activity advice and prescription by physicians in routine primary care: a cluster randomized trial. Grandes G, Sanchez A, Sanchez-Pinilla RO, Torcal J, Montoya I, Lizarraga K, Serra J 2009 Apr 13
Effectiveness of telephone support in increasing physical activity levels in primary care patients. Green BB, McAfee T, Hindmarsh M, Madsen L, Caplow M, Buist D 2002 Apr
Change in fruit and vegetable intake over 24 months in older adults: results of the SENIOR project intervention. Greene GW, Fey-Yensan N, Padula C, Rossi SR, Rossi JS, Clark PG 2008 Jun
Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors: effect of advice from an exercise specialist in Australian general practice. Halbert JA, Silagy CA, Finucane PM, Withers RT, Hamdorf PA 2000 Jul 17
A Web-Based Intervention to Encourage Walking (StepWise): Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Hargreaves EA, Mutrie N, Fleming JD 2016 Jan 25
The Newcastle exercise project: a randomised controlled trial of methods to promote physical activity in primary care. Harland J, White M, Drinkwater C, Chinn D, Farr L, Howel D 1999 Sep 25
A primary care nurse-delivered walking intervention in older adults: PACE (pedometer accelerometer consultation evaluation)-Lift cluster randomised controlled trial
Prevention of weight gain in young adults through a seminar-based intervention program. Hivert MF, Langlois MF, Berard P, Cuerrier JP, Carpentier AC 2007 Aug
Effect of a tailored behavior change program on a composite lifestyle change score: a randomized controlled trial. Jacobs N, Clays E, De Bacquer D, De Backer G, Dendale P, Thijs H, de Bourdeaudhuij I, Claes N 2011 Oct
Preventing weight gain in adults: the pound of prevention study. Jeffery RW, French SA 1999 May
Effects of fruit and vegetable consumption on plasma antioxidant concentrations and blood pressure: a randomised controlled trial. John JH, Ziebland S, Yudkin P, Roe LS, Neil HA 2002 Jun 8
Beneficial effects of individualized physical activity on prescription on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors: results from a randomized controlled trial. Kallings LV, Sierra Johnson J, Fisher RM, Faire Ud, Stahle A, Hemmingsson E, Hellenius ML 2009 Feb
The effects of Young Adults Eating and Active for Health (YEAH): a theory-based Web-delivered intervention. Kattelmann KK, Bredbenner CB, White AA, Greene GW, Hoerr SL, Kidd T, Colby S, Horacek TM, Phillips BW, Koenings MM, Brown ON, Olfert MD, Shelnutt KP, Morrell JS 2014 Nov-Dec
Impact of an educational intervention on internal medicine residents' physical activity counselling: the Pressure System Model. Katz DL, Shuval K, Comerford BP, Faridi Z, Njike VY 2008 Apr
The connecting health and technology study: a 6-month randomized controlled trial to improve nutrition behaviours using a mobile food record and text messaging support in young adults. Kerr DA, Harray AJ, Pollard CM, Dhaliwal SS, Delp EJ, Howat PA, Pickering MR, Ahmad Z, Meng X, Pratt IS, Wright JL, Kerr KR, Boushey CJ 2016 Apr 21
Behavioral impacts of sequentially versus simultaneously delivered dietary plus physical activity interventions: the CALM trial. King AC, Castro CM, Buman MP, Hekler EB, Urizar GG Jr, Ahn DK 2013 Oct
Ongoing physical activity advice by humans versus computers: the Community Health Advice by Telephone (CHAT) trial. King AC, Friedman R, Marcus B, Castro C, Napolitano M, Ahn D, Baker L 2007 Nov
Efficacy of a theory-based behavioural intervention to increase physical activity in an at-risk group in primary care (ProActive UK): a randomised trial. Kinmonth AL, Wareham NJ, Hardeman W, Sutton S, Prevost AT, Fanshawe T, Williams KM, Ekelund U, Spiegelhalter D, Griffin SJ 2008 Jan 5
Effect of telephone counseling on physical activity for low-active older people in primary care: a randomized, controlled trial. Kolt GS, Schofield GM, Kerse N, Garrett N, Oliver M 2007 Jul
A randomized trial of a tailored, self-help dietary intervention: the Puget Sound Eating Patterns study. Kristal AR, Curry SJ, Shattuck AL, Feng Z, Li S 2000 Oct
Exercise on prescription for women aged 40-74 recruited through primary care: two year randomised controlled trial. Lawton Beverley A, Rose Sally B, Elley C Raina, Dowell Anthony C, Fenton Anna, Moyes Simon A 2008
Healthy for life: a randomized trial examining physical activity outcomes and psychosocial mediators. Lewis BA, Williams DM, Martinson BC, Dunsiger S, Marcus BH 2013 Apr
Innovative newsletter interventions improve fruit and vegetable consumption in healthy adults. Lutz SF, Ammerman AS, Atwood JR, Campbell MK, DeVellis RF, Rosamond WD 1999 Jun
Impact of a brief intervention on physical activity and social cognitive determinants among working mothers: a randomized trial. Mailey EL, McAuley E 2014 Apr
The Seamos Saludables study: A randomized controlled physical activity trial of Latinas. Marcus BH, Dunsiger SI, Pekmezi DW, Larsen BA, Bock BC, Gans KM, Marquez B, Morrow KM, Tilkemeier P 2013 Nov
Telephone versus print delivery of an individualized motivationally tailored physical activity intervention: Project STRIDE. Marcus BH, Napolitano MA, King AC, Lewis BA, Whiteley JA, Albrecht A, Parisi A, Bock B, Pinto B, Sciamanna C, Jakicic J, Papandonatos GD 2007 Jul
Effects of a Web-Based Personalized Intervention on Physical Activity in European Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Marsaux CF, Celis-Morales C, Fallaize R, Macready AL, Kolossa S, Woolhead C, O'Donovan CB, Forster H, Navas-Carretero S, San-Cristobal R, Lambrinou CP, Moschonis G, Surwillo A, Godlewska M, Goris A, Hoonhout J, Drevon CA, Manios Y, Traczyk I, Walsh MC, Gibney ER, Brennan L, Martinez JA, Lovegrove JA, Gibney MJ, Daniel H, Mathers JC, Saris WH 2015 Oct 14
Population-based randomized controlled trial of a stage-targeted physical activity intervention. Marshall AL, Bauman AE, Owen N, Booth ML, Crawford D, Marcus BH 2003 Summer
Maintaining physical activity among older adults: six-month outcomes of the Keep Active Minnesota randomized controlled trial. Martinson BC, Crain AL, Sherwood NE, Hayes M, Pronk NP, O'Connor PJ 2008 Feb
A novel family-based intervention trial to improve heart health: FIT Heart: results of a randomized controlled trial. Mosca L, Mochari H, Liao M, Christian AH, Edelman DJ, Aggarwal B, Oz MC 2008 Nov
Outcomes from the women's wellness project: a community-focused physical activity trial for women. Napolitano MA, Whiteley JA, Papandonatos G, Dutton G, Farrell NC, Albrecht A, Bock B, Bazzarre T, Sciamanna C, Dunn AL, Marcus BH 2006 Dec
Effectiveness of physician-based assessment and counseling for exercise in a staff model HMO. Norris SL, Grothaus LC, Buchner DM, Pratt M 2000 Jun
Randomized controlled trial of a computer-tailored multiple health behaviour intervention in general practice: 12-month follow-up results. Parekh S, King D, Boyle FM, Vandelanotte C 2014 Mar 19
A culturally adapted physical activity intervention for Latinas: a randomized controlled trial. Pekmezi DW, Neighbors CJ, Lee CS, Gans KM, Bock BC, Morrow KM, Marquez B, Dunsiger S, Marcus BH 2009 Dec
Effects of a computer-based, telephone-counseling system on physical activity. Pinto BM, Friedman R, Marcus BH, Kelley H, Tennstedt S, Gillman MW 2002 Aug
Randomized controlled trial of physical activity counseling for older primary care patients. Pinto BM, Goldstein MG, Ashba J, Sciamanna CN, Jette A 2005 Nov
A randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of dietary advice by practice nurses in lowering diet-related coronary heart disease risk. Roderick P, Ruddock V, Hunt P, Miller G 1997 Jan
Effect of preventive messages tailored to family history on health behaviors: the Family Healthware Impact Trial. Ruffin MT 4th, Nease DE Jr, Sen A, Pace WD, Wang C, Acheson LS, Rubinstein WS, O'Neill S, Gramling R 2011 Jan-Feb
Randomized controlled trial: effect of nutritional counselling in general practice. Sacerdote C, Fiorini L, Rosato R, Audenino M, Valpreda M, Vineis P 2006 Apr
Prevention of cardiovascular risk factor elevations in healthy premenopausal women. Simkin-Silverman L, Wing RR, Hansen DH, Klem ML, Pasagian-Macaulay AP, Meilahn EN, Kuller LH 1995 Sep
Investigation of a lifestyle change strategy for high-risk women with a history of gestational diabetes. Smith BJ, Cinnadaio N, Cheung NW, Bauman A, Tapsell LC, van der Ploeg HP 2014 Dec
Short- and medium-term efficacy of a Web-based computer-tailored nutrition education intervention for adults including cognitive and environmental feedback: randomized controlled trial. Springvloet L, Lechner L, de Vries H, Candel MJ, Oenema A 2015 Jan 19
Physical activity outcomes of CHAMPS II: a physical activity promotion program for older adults. Stewart AL, Verboncoeur CJ, McLellan BY, Gillis DE, Rush S, Mills KM, King AC, Ritter P, Brown BW Jr, Bortz WM 2nd 2001 Aug
Reducing diabetes risk in American Indian women. Thompson JL, Allen P, Helitzer DL, Qualls C, Whyte AN, Wolfe VK, Herman CJ 2008 Mar
"Go4Life" exercise counseling, accelerometer feedback, and activity levels in older people. Thompson WG, Kuhle CL, Koepp GA, McCrady-Spitzer SK, Levine JA 2014 May-Jun
Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of treated diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled dietary modification trial. Tinker LF, Bonds DE, Margolis KL, Manson JE, Howard BV, Larson J, Perri MG, Beresford SA, Robinson JG, Rodriguez B, Safford MM, Wenger NK, Stevens VJ, Parker LM 2008 Jul 28
Computer-supported indirect-form lifestyle-modification support program using Lifestyle Intervention Support Software for Diabetes Prevention (LISS-DP) for people with a family history of type 2 diabetes in a medical checkup setting: a randomized controlled trial. Tokunaga-Nakawatase Y, Nishigaki M, Taru C, Miyawaki I, Nishida J, Kosaka S, Sanada H, Kazuma K 2014 Oct
LINDA - a solution-focused low-intensity intervention aimed at improving health behaviors of young females: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Valve P, Lehtinen-Jacks S, Eriksson T, Lehtinen M, Lindfors P, Saha MT, Rimpela A, Angle S 2013 Nov 4
The long-term effectiveness of need-supportive physical activity counseling compared with a standard referral in sedentary older adults. Van Hoecke AS, Delecluse C, Bogaerts A, Boen F 2014 Apr
Efficacy of sequential or simultaneous interactive computer-tailored interventions for increasing physical activity and decreasing fat intake. Vandelanotte C, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Sallis JF, Spittaels H, Brug J 2005 Apr
Lifestyle intervention in general practice for physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and diet in elderly: a randomized controlled trial. Vrdoljak D, Markovic BB, Puljak L, Lalic DI, Kranjcevic K, Vucak J 2014 Jan-Feb
Effect of a web site intervention on physical activity of college females. Wadsworth DD, Hallam JS 2010 Jan-Feb
Revisiting self-regulatory techniques to promote physical activity in older adults: null-findings from a randomised controlled trial. Warner LM, Wolff JK, Ziegelmann JP, Schwarzer R, Wurm S 2016 Oct
The HealtheSteps lifestyle prescription program to improve physical activity and modifiable risk factors for chronic disease: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Gill DP, Blunt W, Boa Sorte Silva NC, Stiller-Moldovan C, Zou GY, Petrella RJ 2019 Jun 28
Home Visit Intervention Promotes Lifestyle Changes: Results of an RCT in Mexican Americans. Vidoni ML, Lee M, Mitchell-Bennett L, Reininger BM 2019 Nov
Effectiveness of Behaviorally Designed Gamification Interventions With Social Incentives for Increasing Physical Activity Among Overweight and Obese Adults Across the United States: The STEP UP Randomized Clinical Trial. Patel MS, Small DS, Harrison JD, Fortunato MP, Oon AL, Rareshide CAL, Reh G, Szwartz G, Guszcza J, Steier D, Kalra P, Hilbert V 2019 Dec 1
Comparing a Video and Text Version of a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Intervention for Obesity Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Walthouwer MJ, Oenema A, Lechner L, de Vries H 2015 Oct 19
Innovative Self-Regulation Strategies to Reduce Weight Gain in Young Adults: The Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention (SNAP) Randomized Clinical Trial. Wing RR, Tate DF, Espeland MA, Lewis CE, LaRose JG, Gorin AA, Bahnson J, Perdue LH, Hatley KE, Ferguson E, Garcia KR, Lang W 2016 Jun 1
Randomized Trial of a Physical Activity Intervention for Latino Men: Activo. Larsen BA, Benitez TJ, Mendoza-Vasconez AS, Hartman SJ, Linke SE, Pekmezi DJ, Dunsiger SI, Nodora JN, Gans KM, Marcus BH 2020 Aug
A whole family-based physical activity promotion intervention: findings from the families reporting every step to health (FRESH) pilot randomised controlled trial. Guagliano JM, Armitage SM, Brown HE, Coombes E, Fusco F, Hughes C, Jones AP, Morton KL, van Sluijs EMF 2020 Sep 22
Tailored print communication and telephone motivational interviewing are equally successful in improving multiple lifestyle behaviors in a randomized controlled trial. van Keulen HM, Mesters I, Ausems M, van Breukelen G, Campbell M, Resnicow K, Brug J, de Vries H 2011 Feb
Move More: Translating an efficacious group dynamics physical activity intervention into effective clinical practice Estabrooks, Paul A., Smith-Ray, Renae L., Almeida, Fabio A., Hill, Jennie, Gonzales, Mike, Schreiner, Patti and Van Den Berg, Rain 2011

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