Infection Prevention and Control for the Emergency Medical Services and 911 Workforce

Project Summary Title and Description

Infection Prevention and Control for the Emergency Medical Services and 911 Workforce
Johns Hopkins University Evidence-based Practice Center
Authors of Report
J. Lee Jenkins Ed Hsu Anna Russell Allen Zhang Lisa M. Wilson Eric Bass
Methodology description
Systematic Review
Notes Retrospective data upload
Funding Source

Key Questions

1. 1. What are the characteristics, incidence, prevalence, and severity of occupationally-acquired exposures to infectious diseases for the EMS/911 workforce?
2. 2. What are the characteristics and reported effectiveness (i.e., benefits and harms) in studies of EMS/911 workforce practices to prevent infectious diseases?
3. 3. What are the characteristics and reported effectiveness (i.e., benefits and harms) in studies of EMS/911 workforce practices to recognize and control (e.g., chemoprophylaxis, but excluding treatment) infectious diseases?

Associated Extraction Forms


Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

Title Authors Year
Medical Leave Associated With COVID-19 Among Emergency Medical System Responders and Firefighters in New York City. Prezant DJ, Zeig-Owens R, Schwartz T, Liu Y, Hurwitz K, Beecher S, Weiden MD 2020 Jul 1
Pre-COVID-19 lung function and other risk factors for severe COVID-19 in first responders. Weiden MD, Zeig-Owens R, Singh A, Schwartz T, Liu Y, Vaeth B, Nolan A, Cleven KL, Hurwitz K, Beecher S, Prezant DJ 2021 Jan
High burden of COVID-19 among unvaccinated law enforcement officers and firefighters^
SARS-CoV-2 Infection among Serially Tested Emergency Medical Services Workers. Tarabichi Y, Watts B, Collins T, Margolius D, Avery A, Gunzler D, Perzynski A 2021 Jan-Feb
Longitudinal Assessment of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Vaccine Acceptance and Uptake Among Frontline Medical Workers in Los Angeles, California. Halbrook M, Gadoth A, Martin-Blais R, Gray AN, Kashani S, Kazan C, Kane B, Tobin NH, Ferbas KG, Aldrovandi GM, Rimoin AW 2022 Apr 9
Occupational exposures and programmatic response to COVID-19 pandemic: an emergency medical services experience. Murphy DL, Barnard LM, Drucker CJ, Yang BY, Emert JM, Schwarcz L, Counts CR, Jacinto TY, McCoy AM, Morgan TA, Whitney JE, Bodenman JV, Duchin JS, Sayre MR, Rea TD 2020 Nov
SARS-CoV-2 IgG Seropositivity and Acute Asymptomatic Infection Rate among Firefighter First Responders in an Early Outbreak County in California. Newberry JA, Gautreau M, Staats K, Carrillo E, Mulkerin W, Yang S, Kohn MA, Matheson L, Boyd SD, Pinsky BA, Blomkalns AL, Strehlow MC, D'Souza PA 2021 May 6
Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Among Firefighters/Paramedics in San Francisco, CA. Grant M, Harrison R, Nunez A, Kurtz T, Phelps S, Brokaw J, Shusterman D 2021 Nov 1
Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Health Care Personnel, First Responders, and Other Essential Workers During a Prevaccination COVID-19 Surge in Arizona^
Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies in First Responders and Public Safety Personnel, New York City, New York, USA, May-July 2020. Sami S, Akinbami LJ, Petersen LR, Crawley A, Lukacs SL, Weiss D, Henseler RA, Vuong N, Mackey L, Patel A, Grohskopf LA, Morgenthau BM, Daskalakis D, Pathela P 2021 Mar
SARS-CoV-2 Seroprevalence among Healthcare, First Response, and Public Safety Personnel, Detroit Metropolitan Area, Michigan, USA, May-June 2020. Akinbami LJ, Vuong N, Petersen LR, Sami S, Patel A, Lukacs SL, Mackey L, Grohskopf LA, Shehu A, Atas J 2020 Dec
Protecting the front line: a cross-sectional survey analysis of the occupational factors contributing to healthcare workers' infection and psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA. Firew T, Sano ED, Lee JW, Flores S, Lang K, Salman K, Greene MC, Chang BP 2020 Oct 21
Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgA Identifies Asymptomatic Infection in First Responders. Montague BT, Wipperman MF, Hooper AT, Hamon SC, Crow R, Elemo F, Hersh L, Langdon S, Hamilton JD, O'Brien MP, Simoes EAF 2022 Feb 15
COVID-19 Exposure Among First Responders in Arizona. Shukla V, Lau CSM, Towns M, Mayer J, Kalkbrenner K, Beuerlein S, Prichard P 2020 Dec
Prevalence of COVID-19 IgG Antibodies in a Cohort of Municipal First Responders. McGuire SS, Klassen AB, Heywood J, Sztajnkrycer MD 2021 Apr
Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among firefighters/paramedics of a US fire department: a cross-sectional study. Caban-Martinez AJ, Schaefer-Solle N, Santiago K, Louzado-Feliciano P, Brotons A, Gonzalez M, Issenberg SB, Kobetz E 2020 Dec
Risk for Acquiring Coronavirus Disease Illness among Emergency Medical Service Personnel Exposed to Aerosol-Generating Procedures. Brown A, Schwarcz L, Counts CR, Barnard LM, Yang BY, Emert JM, Latimer A, Drucker C, Lynch J, Kudenchuk PJ, Sayre MR, Rea T 2021 Sep
A descriptive analysis of occupational health exposures in an urban emergency medical services system: 2007-2009. El Sayed M, Kue R, McNeil C, Dyer KS 2011 Oct-Dec
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization prevalence among Emergency Medical Services personnel. Al Amiry A, Bissell RA, Maguire BJ, Alves DW 2013 Aug
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Ohio EMS Providers: A Statewide Cross-sectional Study. Orellana RC, Hoet AE, Bell C, Kelley C, Lu B, Anderson SE, Stevenson KB 2016
Incidence and prevalence of antibody to hepatitis C virus in FDNY first responders before and after work at the World Trade Center disaster site. Webber MP, Liu Y, Cohen HW, Schwartz T, Weiden MD, Kelly K, Ortiz V, Zeig-Owens R, Jaber N, Colbeth HL, Prezant DJ 2018 Jun 20
SARS-CoV-2 antibody seroprevalence among firefighters in Orange County, California. Vieira V, Tang IW, Bartell S, Zahn M, Fedoruk MJ 2021 Nov
Prevalence and characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus colonization among healthcare professionals in an urban teaching hospital. Elie-Turenne MC, Fernandes H, Mediavilla JR, Rosenthal M, Mathema B, Singh A, Cohen TR, Pawar KA, Shahidi H, Kreiswirth BN, Deitch EA 2010 Jun
Creating a safe workplace by universal testing of SARS-CoV-2 infection in asymptomatic patients and healthcare workers in the electrophysiology units: a multi-center experience. Mohanty S, Lakkireddy D, Trivedi C, MacDonald B, Quintero Mayedo A, Della Rocca DG, Atkins D, Park P, Shah A, Gopinathannair R, Al-Ahmad A, Burkhardt JD, Gallinghouse GJ, Bassiouny M, Di Biase L, Kessler D, Tschopp D, Coffeen P, Horton R, Canby R, Natale A 2021 Oct
SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence among firefighters in Los Angeles, California. Mulligan K, Berg AH, Eckstein M, Hori A, Rodriguez A, Sobhani K, Toubat O, Sood N 2022 May
Prevalence of COVID-19 Amongst Arizona First Responders^ 0
Occupational exposures in emergency medical service providers and knowledge of and compliance with universal precautions. Harris SA, Nicolai LA 2010 Mar
Predictors of influenza vaccination among emergency medical services personnel. Hubble MW, Zontek TL, Richards ME 2011 Apr-Jun
Seasonal and H1N1 influenza vaccine compliance and intent to be vaccinated among emergency medical services personnel. Rebmann T, Wright KS, Anthony J, Knaup RC, Peters EB 2012 Sep
Predictors of acceptance of H1N1 influenza vaccination by FDNY firefighters and EMS workers. Glaser MS, Chui S, Webber MP, Gustave J, Lee R, McLaughlin MT, Ortiz V, Prezant D, Kelly K 2011 Aug 5
COVID-19 Vaccinations in EMS Professionals: Prevalence and Predictors. Gregory ME, Powell JR, MacEwan SR, Kurth JD, Kenah E, Panchal AR, McAlearney AS 2022 Sep-Oct
The prevalence of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus among out-of-hospital care providers and emergency medical technician students. Miramonti C, Rinkle JA, Iden S, Lincoln J, Huffman G, Riddell E, Kozak MA 2013 Jan-Mar

Downloadable Data Content

  • XLSX Project Data