Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy

Project Summary Title and Description

Breast Reconstruction After Mastectomy
This systematic review will assess the surgical breast reconstruction options for women who are undergoing (or have undergone) mastectomy for breast cancer. Specifically, the review will address: (1) the (comparative) benefits and harms of IBR and AR (Key Question [KQ] 1) (2) the (comparative) benefits and harms of timing of IBR and AR in relation to chemotherapy and radiation therapy (KQ 2) (3) the (comparative) benefits and harms of various options for IBR (KQs 3, 4, and 5) (4) the (comparative) benefits and harms of various flap types for AR (KQ 6).
Brown Evidence-based Practice Center (Project Lead: Ian Saldanha, MBBS, MPH, PhD)
Authors of Report
Ian Saldanha, Wangnan Cao, Justin Broyles, Gaelen Adam, Monika Reddy Bhuma, Shivani Mehta, Laura Dominici, Andrea Pusic, Ethan Balk
Methodology description
Systematic Review
Not yet available
Protocol available here: The data for this project were entered into SRDR+ prospectively.
Funding Source

Key Questions

1. KQ 1: IBR vs. AR
2. KQ 2: Timing of IBR and AR with respect to a) chemotherapy and b) radiation therapy
3. KQ 3: Types of implants for IBR
4. KQ 4: Anatomic planes for IBR
5. KQ 5: Use of ADMs during IBR
6. KQ 6: Different flap types for AR

Associated Extraction Forms

Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

The use of acellular dermal matrices in two-stage expander/implant reconstruction: a multicenter, blinded, randomized controlled trial.McCarthy Colleen M; Lee Clara N; Halvorson Eric G; Riedel Elyn; Pusic Andrea L; Mehrara Babak J; Disa Joseph J2012
The use of acellular dermal matrices in two-stage expander/implant reconstruction: a multicenter, blinded, randomized controlled trial.McCarthy Colleen M; Lee Clara N; Halvorson Eric G; Riedel Elyn; Pusic Andrea L; Mehrara Babak J; Disa Joseph J2012
Complications in tissue expander breast reconstruction: a comparison of AlloDerm, DermaMatrix, and FlexHD acellular inferior pole dermal slings.Brooke Sebastian; Mesa John; Uluer Mehmet; Michelotti Brett; Moyer Kurtis; Neves Rogerio I; Mackay Donald; Potochny John2012
Predictors of Mastectomy Flap Necrosis in Patients Undergoing Immediate Breast Reconstruction: A Review of 718 Patients.Abedi Nasim; Ho Adelyn L; Knox Aaron; Tashakkor Yashar; Omeis Tyler; Van Laeken Nancy; Lennox Peter; Macadam Sheina A; Abedi Nasim; Ho Adelyn L; Knox Aaron; Tashakkor Yashar; Omeis Tyler; Van Laeken Nancy; Lennox Peter; Macadam Sheina A2016
A clinical review of 9 years of free perforator flap breast reconstructions: an analysis of 675 flaps and the influence of new techniques on clinical practice.Acosta Rafael; Smit Jeroen M; Audolfsson Thorir; Darcy Catharine M; Enajat Morteza; Kildal Morten; Liss Anders G2011
A nationwide analysis of the relationship between hospital volume and outcome for autologous breast reconstruction.Albornoz Claudia R; Cordeiro Peter G; Hishon Lauren; Mehrara Babak J; Pusic Andrea L; McCarthy Colleen M; Disa Joseph J; Matros Evan2013
Bilateral implant breast reconstruction: outcomes, predictors, and matched cohort analysis in 730 2-stage breast reconstructions over 10 years.Antony Anuja K; McCarthy Colleen; Disa Joseph J; Mehrara Babak J2014
Perforator number predicts fat necrosis in a prospective analysis of breast reconstruction with free TRAM, DIEP, and SIEA flaps.Baumann Donald P; Lin Heather Y; Chevray Pierre M2010
Risk factors for complications of radiation therapy on tissue expander breast reconstructions.Brooks Suzanne; Djohan Risal; Tendulkar Rahul; Nutter Benjamin; Lyons Joanne; Dietz Jill; Brooks Suzanne; Djohan Risal; Tendulkar Rahul; Nutter Benjamin; Lyons Joanne; Dietz Jill2012 Jan-Feb
Risk of infection is associated more with drain duration than daily drainage volume in prosthesis-based breast reconstruction: A cohort study.Chen Cheng-Feng; Lin Shou-Fong; Hung Chen-Fang; Chou Pesus2016
Optimizing the fascial closure: an analysis of 1261 abdominally based free flap reconstructions.Cleveland Emily C; Fischer John P; Nelson Jonas A; Sieber Brady; Low David W; Kovach Stephen J; Wu Liza C; Serletti Joseph M2013
Natrelle 410 Extra-Full Projection Silicone Breast Implants: 2-Year Results from Two Prospective Studies.Cordeiro Peter G; McGuire Patricia; Murphy Diane K; Cordeiro Peter G; McGuire Patricia; Murphy Diane K; Cordeiro Peter G; McGuire Patricia; Murphy Diane K2015
US FDA Breast Implant Postapproval Studies: Long-term Outcomes in 99,993 Patients.Coroneos Christopher J; Selber Jesse C; Offodile Anaeze C; Butler Charles E; Clemens Mark W2019
Role of CTA in Women with Abdominal Scars Undergoing DIEP Breast Reconstruction: Review of 1,187 Flaps.Daly Lauren T; Doval Andres F; Lin Samuel J; Tobias Adam; Lee Bernard T; Dowlatshahi A Samandar2020
A 10-year retrospective review of 758 DIEP flaps for breast reconstruction.Gill Paul S; Hunt John P; Guerra Aldo B; Dellacroce Frank J; Sullivan Scott K; Boraski Jonathan; Metzinger Stephen E; Dupin Charles L; Allen Robert J2004
Which breast is the best? Successful autologous or alloplastic breast reconstruction: patient-reported quality-of-life outcomes.Eltahir Yassir; Werners Lisanne L C H; Dreise Marieke M; Zeijlmans van Emmichoven Ingeborg A; Werker Paul M N; de Bock Geertruida H2015
One-Step Prepectoral Breast Reconstruction With Dermal Matrix-Covered Implant Compared to Submuscular Implantation: Functional and Cost Evaluation.Cattelani Leonardo; Polotto Susanna; Arcuri Maria Francesca; Pedrazzi Giuseppe; Linguadoca Chiara; Bonati Elena2018
Impact of Prior Unilateral Chest Wall Radiotherapy on Outcomes in Bilateral Breast Araujo TB; Jue Xu M; Susarla SM; Shmelev K; Jiang W; Pribaz JJ; Hergrueter C; Carty MJ; Caterson S; Chun YS2016 Oct
The microvascular anastomotic coupler for venous anastomoses in free flap breast reconstruction improves outcomes.Fitzgerald O'Connor E; Rozen WM; Chowdhry M; Patel NG; Chow WT; Griffiths M; Ramakrishnan VV2016 Apr
Immediate Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction with Acellular Dermal Matrix: A Comparison of Sterile and Aseptic AlloDerm in 2039 Consecutive Cases.Parikh RP; Brown GM; Sharma K; Yan Y; Myckatyn TM2018 Dec
A single center comparison of one versus two venous anastomoses in 564 consecutive DIEP flaps: investigating the effect on venous congestion and flap survival.Enajat Morteza; Rozen Warren M; Whitaker Iain S; Smit Jeroen M; Acosta Rafael2010
Radiotherapy in implant-based immediate breast reconstruction: risk factors, surgical outcomes, and patient-reported outcome measures in a large Swedish multicenter cohort.Eriksson Max; Anveden Lotta; Celebioglu Fuat; Dahlberg Kristina; Meldahl Ingrid; Lagergren Jakob; Eriksen Catharina; de Boniface Jana2013
The effects of acellular dermal matrix in expander-implant breast reconstruction after total skin-sparing mastectomy: results of a prospective practice improvement study.Peled AW; Foster RD; Garwood ER; Moore DH; Ewing CA; Alvarado M; Hwang ES; Esserman LJ2012 Jun
A prospective and randomized study, "SVEA," comparing effects of three methods for delayed breast reconstruction on quality of life, patient-defined problem areas of life, and cosmetic result.Brandberg Y; Malm M; Blomqvist L2000
Risk factors and timing of postoperative hematomas following microvascular breast reconstruction: A prospective cohort study.Phan R; Rozen WM; Chowdhry M; Fitzgerald O'Connor E; Hunter-Smith DJ; Ramakrishnan VV2020 Feb
Uneventful versus Successful Reconstruction and Outcome Pathways in Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction with Acellular Dermal Matrices.Qureshi AA; Broderick KP; Belz J; Funk S; Reaven N; Brandt KE; Tenenbaum MM; Margenthaler JA; Aft RL; Myckatyn TM2016 Aug
Comparison of Delayed and Immediate Tissue Expander Breast Reconstruction in the Setting of Postmastectomy Radiation Therapy.Seth AK; Silver HR; Hirsch EM; Kim JY; Fine NA2015 Nov
Post mastectomy immediate breast reconstruction 13 years experience in a single centre.Shaikh IA; Thomas H; Vidyadharan R; Verghis V; Iype V; Abraham SJ2010 Sep
Immediate 1-stage vs. tissue expander postmastectomy implant breast reconstructions: a retrospective real-world comparison over 18 months.Singh N; Reaven NL; Funk SE2012 Jul
Autologous Breast Reconstruction in Women Older Than 65 Years Versus Women Younger Than 65 Years: A Multi-Center Analysis.Song D; Slater K; Papsdorf M; Van Laeken N; Zhong T; Hazen A; Vidal D; Macadam SA2016 Feb
Comparison of implant-based immediate breast reconstruction with and without acellular dermal matrix.Vardanian AJ; Clayton JL; Roostaeian J; Shirvanian V; Da Lio A; Lipa JE; Crisera C; Festekjian JH2011 Nov
TRAM flap anatomy correlated with a 10-year clinical experience with 556 patients.Watterson PA; Bostwick J 3rd; Hester TR Jr; Bried JT; Taylor GI1995 Jun
Comparison of surgical complication between immediate implant and autologous breast reconstruction after mastectomy: A multicenter study of 426 cases.Xu F; Sun H; Zhang C; Jiang H; Guan S; Wang X; Wen B; Li J; Li X; Geng C; Yin J2018 Nov
Donor-site morbidities in 615 patients after breast reconstruction using a free muscle-sparing type I transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap: a single surgeon experience.Heo JW; Park SO; Jin US2018 Dec
Direct-to-Implant, Prepectoral Breast Reconstruction: A Single-Surgeon Experience with 201 Consecutive Patients.Safran T; Al-Halabi B; Viezel-Mathieu A; Boileau JF; Dionisopoulos T2020 Apr
Postoperative outcomes of breast reconstruction after mastectomy: A retrospective study.Qin Q; Tan Q; Lian B; Mo Q; Huang Z; Wei C2018 Feb
Complications after microvascular breast reconstruction: experience with 1195 flaps.Mehrara BJ; Santoro TD; Arcilla E; Watson JP; Shaw WW; Da Lio AL2006 Oct
Comparative Analysis of Single versus Stacked Free Flap Breast Reconstruction: A Single-Center Experience.Haddock NT; Cho MJ; Teotia SS2019 Sep
Evaluating Mastectomy Skin Flap Necrosis in the Extended Breast Reconstruction Risk Assessment Score for 1-Year Prediction of Prosthetic Reconstruction Outcomes.Hansen N; Espino S; Blough JT; Vu MM; Fine NA; Kim JYS2018 Jul
Risk factors and risk scoring tool for infection during tissue expansion in tissue expander and implant breast reconstruction.Kato H; Nakagami G; Iwahira Y; Otani R; Nagase T; Iizaka S; Tamai N; Matsuyama Y; Sanada H2013 Nov-Dec
Short-Term Complications Associated With Acellular Dermal Matrix-Assisted Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction.Hunsicker LM; Ashikari AY; Berry C; Koch RM; Salzberg CA2017 Jan
Chest and upper body morbidity following immediate postmastectomy breast reconstruction.McCarthy CM; Mehrara BJ; Long T; Garcia P; Kropf N; Klassen AF; Cano SJ; Li Y; Hurley K; Scott A; Disa JJ; Cordeiro PG; Pusic AL2014 Jan
Patient satisfaction with postmastectomy breast reconstruction: a comparison of saline and silicone implants.McCarthy CM; Klassen AF; Cano SJ; Scott A; Vanlaeken N; Lennox PA; Alderman AK; Mehrara BJ; Disa JJ; Cordeiro PG; Pusic AL2010 Dec 15
Development of a surgical algorithm and optimized management of complications - based on a review of 706 abdominal free flaps for breast reconstruction.Langer S; Munder B; Seidenstuecker K; Richrath P; Behrendt P; Kneser U; Horch RE; Andrews BT; Andree C2010 Nov
Breast Reconstruction in Elderly Patients: Risk Factors, Clinical Outcomes, and Aesthetic Results.Laporta R; Sorotos M; Longo B; Santanelli di Pompeo F2017 May
Incidence of hematoma complication with heparin venous thrombosis prophylaxis after TRAM flap breast reconstruction.Liao EC; Taghinia AH; Nguyen LP; Yueh JH; May JW Jr; Orgill DP2008 Apr
Outcome analysis of expander/implant versus microsurgical abdominal flap breast reconstruction: a critical study of 254 cases.Liu C; Momeni A; Zhuang Y; Luan J; Chung MT; Wright E; Lee GK2014 Jun
Preoperative Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia Are Related to Postoperative Infection Rates in Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction.Law TY; Moeller E; Hubbard ZS; Rosas S; Andreoni A; Chim HW2018 Dec
Effects of Antihypertensive Drugs on Outcomes of Breast Reconstruction.Park JW; Lee KT; Jeon BJ; Pyon JK; Bang SI; Mun GH2019 Jun
Short-term safety outcomes of mastectomy and immediate implant-based breast reconstruction with and without mesh (iBRA): a multicentre, prospective cohort study.Potter Shelley; Conroy Elizabeth J; Cutress Ramsey I; Williamson Paula R; Whisker Lisa; Thrush Steven; Skillman Joanna; Barnes Nicola L P; Mylvaganam Senthurun; Teasdale Elisabeth; Jain Abhilash; Gardiner Matthew D; Blazeby Jane M; Holcombe Chris; iBRA Steering Group; Breast Reconstruction Research Collaborative2019
DIEAP flap for safe definitive autologous breast reconstruction.Seidenstuecker K; van Waes C; Munder BI; Claes KE; Witzel C; Roche N; Stillaert F; Mahajan AL; Andree C; Blondeel PN2016 Apr
Are 30-Day Outcomes Enough? Late Infectious Readmissions following Prosthetic-Based Breast Reconstruction.Collier Willem; Scheefer Van Boerum Melody; Kim Jaewhan; Kwok Alvin C2019
Oncologic outcomes after immediate breast reconstruction following mastectomy: comparison of implant and flap using propensity score matching.Ha JH; Hong KY; Lee HB; Moon HG; Han W; Noh DY; Lim J; Yoon S; Chang H; Jin US2020 Jan 30
The use of acellular dermal matrix in immediate two-stage tissue expander breast reconstruction.Weichman KE; Wilson SC; Weinstein AL; Hazen A; Levine JP; Choi M; Karp NS2012 May
Making an informed choice: Which breast reconstruction type has the lowest complication rate?Hangge PT; Jogerst K; Mohsen A; Kosiorek H; Cronin PA; Stucky CH; Wasif N; Gray RJ; Rebecca AM; Casey WJ 3rd; Pockaj BA2019 Dec
Comparison of Outcomes following Autologous Breast Reconstruction Using the DIEP and Pedicled TRAM Flaps: A 12-Year Clinical Retrospective Study and Literature Review.Knox AD; Ho AL; Leung L; Tashakkor AY; Lennox PA; Van Laeken N; Macadam SA2016 Jul
"The validity of the EQ-5D-5L in measuring quality of life benefits of breast reconstruction".Kouwenberg CAE; Kranenburg LW; Visser MS; Busschbach JJ; Mureau MAM2019 Jan
Patient satisfaction and health-related quality of life following breast reconstruction: patient-reported outcomes among saline and silicone implant recipients.Macadam SA; Ho AL; Cook EF Jr; Lennox PA; Pusic AL2010 Mar
Quality of Life and Patient-Reported Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Multicenter Comparison of Four Abdominally Based Autologous Reconstruction Methods.Macadam SA; Zhong T; Weichman K; Papsdorf M; Lennox PA; Hazen A; Matros E; Disa J; Mehrara B; Pusic AL2016 Mar
Does the Use of Acellular Dermal Matrix Increase Postoperative Complications of the First-Stage Reconstruction of Immediate Expander-Implant Breast Reconstruction: A Matched Cohort Study.Woo KJ; Park JW; Mun GH; Pyon JK; Jeon BJ; Bang SI2017 Oct
Implant-based breast reconstruction using acellular dermal matrix and the risk of postoperative complications.Chun YS; Verma K; Rosen H; Lipsitz S; Morris D; Kenney P; Eriksson E2010 Feb
Using propensity score analysis to compare major complications between DIEP and free muscle-sparing TRAM flap breast reconstructions.Zhong T; Novak CB; Bagher S; Maass SW; Zhang J; Arad U; O'Neill AC; Metcalfe KA; Hofer SO2014 Apr
Donor-Site Hernia Repair in Abdominal Flap Breast Reconstruction: A Population-Based Cohort Study of 7929 Patients.Mennie JC; Mohanna PN; O'Donoghue JM; Rainsbury R; Cromwell DA2015 Jul
Single Stage Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction Has Lower Complication Rates Than Tissue Expander and Implant and Comparable Rates to Autologous Reconstruction in Patients Receiving Postmastectomy Radiation.Naoum GE; Salama L; Niemierko A; Vieira BL; Belkacemi Y; Colwell AS; Winograd J; Smith B; Ho A; Taghian AG2020 Mar 1
Prepectoral Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction: Safety Outcome Endpoints and Delineation of Risk Factors.Nealon KP; Weitzman RE; Sobti N; Gadd M; Specht M; Jimenez RB; Ehrlichman R; Faulkner HR; Austen WG Jr; Liao EC2020 Feb 5
Comparative analysis of 18-month outcomes and costs of breast reconstruction flap procedures.Israeli R; Funk S; Reaven NL2014 Mar
Reconstruction of the Irradiated Breast: A National Claims-Based Assessment of Postoperative Morbidity.Chetta MD; Aliu O; Zhong L; Sears ED; Waljee JF; Chung KC; Momoh AO2017 Apr
Assessing the additional surgical risk of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy and immediate breast implant reconstruction.Nealon KP; Sobti N; Gadd M; Specht M; Liao EC2020 Jan
A Longitudinal Assessment of Outcomes and Healthcare Resource Utilization After Immediate Breast Reconstruction-Comparing Implant- and Autologous-based Breast Reconstruction.Fischer John P; Fox Justin P; Nelson Jonas A; Kovach Stephen J; Serletti Joseph M2015
Long-term Patient-reported Outcomes Following Postmastectomy Breast Reconstruction: An 8-year Examination of 3268 Patients.Nelson JA; Allen RJ Jr; Polanco T; Shamsunder M; Patel AR; McCarthy CM; Matros E; Dayan JH; Disa JJ; Cordeiro PG; Mehrara BJ; Pusic AL2019 Sep
What Is the Optimum Timing of Postmastectomy Radiotherapy in Two-Stage Prosthetic Reconstruction: Radiation to the Tissue Expander or Permanent Implant?Cordeiro PG; Albornoz CR; McCormick B; Hudis CA; Hu Q; Heerdt A; Matros E2015 Jun
The Influence of Connective Tissue Disease in Breast Reconstruction: A National Database Analysis.Chen Austin D; Chi David; Wu Winona W; Egeler Sabine A; Chattha Anmol S; Bucknor Alexandra; Lee Bernard T; Lin Samuel J2018
The Influence of Connective Tissue Disease in Breast Reconstruction: A National Database Analysis.Chen Austin D; Chi David; Wu Winona W; Egeler Sabine A; Chattha Anmol S; Bucknor Alexandra; Lee Bernard T; Lin Samuel J2018
The impact of acellular dermal matrix on tissue expander/implant loss in breast reconstruction: an analysis of the tracking outcomes and operations in plastic surgery database.Pannucci CJ; Antony AK; Wilkins EG2013 Jul
Venous Thromboembolism After Surgical Treatment of Breast Cancer.Momeni A; Fox JP2018 Feb
Unplanned Emergency Department Visits within 30 Days of Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction.Nasser JS; Huetteman HE; Chung TT; Chung KC2018 Dec
Risk Factors for Complications Differ Between Stages of Tissue-Expander Breast Reconstruction.Lovecchio F; Jordan SW; Lim S; Fine NA; Kim JY2015 Sep
Patterns and Trends in Immediate Postmastectomy Reconstruction in California: Complications and Unscheduled Readmissions.Merchant SJ; Goldstein L; Kruper LL2015 Jul
Breast implants following mastectomy in women with early-stage breast cancer: prevalence and impact on survival.Le GM; O'Malley CD; Glaser SL; Lynch CF; Stanford JL; Keegan TH; West DW2005
Free flap breast reconstruction in advanced age: is it safe?Selber JC; Bergey M; Sonnad SS; Kovach S; Wu L; Serletti JM2009 Oct
Breast reconstruction modality outcome study: a comparison of expander/implants and free flaps in select patients.Fischer JP; Nelson JA; Cleveland E; Sieber B; Rohrbach JI; Serletti JM; Kanchwala S2013 May
Fat necrosis in free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous and deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps.Kroll SS2000 Sep
Outcomes of Acellular Dermal Matrix for Immediate Tissue Expander Reconstruction with Radiotherapy: A Retrospective Cohort Study.Craig ES; Clemens MW; Koshy JC; Wren J; Hong Z; Butler CE; Garvey PB; Selber JC; Kronowitz SJ2019 Feb 15
The advantages of free abdominal-based flaps over implants for breast reconstruction in obese patients.Garvey PB; Villa MT; Rozanski AT; Liu J; Robb GL; Beahm EK2012 Nov
Propensity-matched, longitudinal outcomes analysis of complications and cost: comparing abdominal free flaps and implant-based breast reconstruction.Fischer JP; Wes AM; Nelson JA; Basta M; Rohrbach JI; Wu LC; Serletti JM; Kovach SJ2014 Aug
Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Versus Free Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Flap: Complications and Resource Utilization.Zoghbi Y; Gerth DJ; Tashiro J; Golpanian S; Thaller SR2017 May
TRAM flap breast reconstruction after radiation treatment.Williams JK; Bostwick J 3rd; Bried JT; Mackay G; Landry J; Benton J1995 Jun
[Breast reconstruction after mastectomy. Critical analysis of 240 cases].Carramaschi F; Bricout N; Servant JM; Banzet P; Ferreira MC1989 Jan-Feb
[Esthetic results of breast reconstruction after amputation for cancer. 323 cases].Garbay JR; Rietjens M; Petit JY1992
Utility of acellular dermis-assisted breast reconstruction in the setting of radiation: a comparative analysis.Seth AK; Hirsch EM; Fine NA; Kim JY2012 Oct
Tamoxifen (selective estrogen-receptor modulators) and aromatase inhibitors as potential perioperative thrombotic risk factors in free flap breast reconstruction.Mirzabeigi MN; Nelson JA; Fischer JP; Kovach SJ; Serletti JM; Wu LC; Kanchwala S2015 Apr
Effect of obesity on flap and donor-site complications in free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap breast reconstruction.Chang DW; Wang B; Robb GL; Reece GP; Miller MJ; Evans GR; Langstein HN; Kroll SS2000 Apr
Complications following immediate compared to delayed deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap breast reconstructions.Beugels J; Bod L; van Kuijk S M J; Qiu S S; Tuinder S M H; Heuts E M; Piatkowski A; van der Hulst R R W J; Beugels J; Bod L; van Kuijk S M J; Qiu S S; Tuinder S M H; Heuts E M; Piatkowski A; van der Hulst R R W J; Beugels J; Bod L; van Kuijk S M J; Qiu S S; Tuinder S M H; Heuts E M; Piatkowski A; van der Hulst R R W J2018
The Impact of Radiotherapy on Reoperation Rates in Patients Undergoing Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction.Zhang Li; Jin Kairui; Wang Xuanyi; Yang Zhaozhi; Wang Junqi; Ma Jinli; Mei Xin; Chen Xingxing; Wang Xiaofang; Zhou Zhirui; Luo Jurui; Wu Jiong; Shao Zhimin; Zhang Zhen; Yu Xiaoli; Guo Xiaomao; Zhang Li; Jin Kairui; Wang Xuanyi; Yang Zhaozhi; Wang Junqi; Ma Jinli; Mei Xin; Chen Xingxing; Wang Xiaofang; Zhou Zhirui; Luo Jurui; Wu Jiong; Shao Zhimin; Zhang Zhen; Yu Xiaoli; Guo Xiaomao2019
Use of Dermal Matrix in Breast ReconstructionWendel2013
Complications and Patient-Reported Outcomes after Abdominally Based Breast Reconstruction: Results of the Mastectomy Reconstruction Outcomes Consortium Study.Erdmann-Sager J; Wilkins EG; Pusic AL; Qi J; Hamill JB; Kim HM; Guldbrandsen GE; Chun YS2018 Feb
Skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with DIEP flap after breast-conserving therapy.Andree C; Munder BI; Seidenstuecker K; Richrath P; Behrendt P; Koppe T; Hagouan M; Audretsch W; Nestle-Kraemling C; Witzel C2012 Dec
A comparison of patient-centered economic and clinical outcomes of post-mastectomy breast reconstruction between obese and non-obese patients.Huo J; Smith BD; Giordano SH; Reece GP; Tina Shih YC2016 Dec
Whom should we SPY? A cost analysis of laser-assisted indocyanine green angiography in prevention of mastectomy skin flap necrosis during prosthesis-based breast reconstruction.Kanuri A; Liu AS; Guo L2014 Apr
Assessment of advanced age as a risk factor in microvascular breast reconstruction.Chang EI; Vaca L; DaLio AL; Festekjian JH; Crisera CA2011 Sep
Factors Associated with Acute Postoperative Pain Following Breast Reconstruction.Kulkarni AR; Pusic AL; Hamill JB; Kim HM; Qi J; Wilkins EG; Roth RS2017 Mar
Assessment of patient factors, surgeons, and surgeon teams in immediate implant-based breast reconstruction outcomes.Gfrerer L; Mattos D; Mastroianni M; Weng QY; Ricci JA; Heath MP; Lin A; Specht MC; Haynes AB; Austen WG Jr; Liao EC2015 Feb
[Setting of a breast autologous microsurgical reconstructive surgery evolution in 20 years and review of 1138 cases].Lantieri L; Hivelin M; Benjoar MD; Quilichini J; Hutzinger V; Marchac A; Lepage C2015 Dec
Evaluation of Acellular Dermal Matrix Efficacy in Prosthesis-Based Breast Reconstruction.Sobti N; Ji E; Brown RL; Cetrulo CL Jr; Colwell AS; Winograd JM; Austen WG Jr; Liao EC2018 Mar
Immediate tissue expander/implast breast reconstruction after salvage mastectomy for cancer recurrence following lumpectomy/irradiation.Cordeiro PG; Snell L; Heerdt A; McCarthy C2012 Feb
Immediate postmastectomy breast reconstruction showed limited advantage in patient survival after stratifying by family income.Jiang YZ; Liu YR; Yu KD; Zuo WJ; Shao ZM2013
Persistent pain following postmastectomy breast reconstruction: long-term effects of type and timing of surgery.Roth RS; Lowery JC; Davis J; Wilkins EG2007 Apr
A single surgeon's 12-year experience with tissue expander/implant breast reconstruction: part I. A prospective analysis of early complications.Cordeiro PG; McCarthy CM2006 Sep 15
Increasing body mass index increases complications but not failure rates in microvascular breast reconstruction: A retrospective cohort study.O'Neill AC; Sebastiampillai S; Zhong T; Hofer SOP2019 Sep
Ischemic Complications after Nipple-sparing Mastectomy: Predictors of Reconstructive Failure in Implant-based Reconstruction and Implications for Decision-making.Salibian AA; Frey JD; Bekisz JM; Karp NS; Choi M2019 May
Predictors of blood transfusion in autologous breast reconstruction surgery: A retrospective study using the nationwide inpatient sample database.Masoomi H; Blumenauer BJ; Blakkolb CL; Marques ES; Greives MR2019 Oct
Flap Failure and Wound Complications in Autologous Breast Reconstruction: A National Perspective.Massenburg BB; Sanati-Mehrizy P; Ingargiola MJ; Rosa JH; Taub PJ2015 Dec
Analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database in 19,100 patients undergoing implant-based breast reconstruction: complication rates with acellular dermal matrix.Ibrahim AM; Shuster M; Koolen PG; Kim K; Taghinia AH; Sinno HH; Lee BT; Lin SJ2013 Nov
Comparing thirty-day outcomes in prosthetic and autologous breast reconstruction: a multivariate analysis of 13,082 patients?Mioton LM; Smetona JT; Hanwright PJ; Seth AK; Wang E; Bilimoria KY; Gaido J; Fine NA; Kim JY2013 Jul
Is a second free flap still an option in a failed free flap breast reconstruction?Hamdi M; Andrades P; Thiessen F; Stillaert F; Roche N; Van Landuyt K; Monstrey S2010 Aug
Salvage (tertiary) breast reconstruction after implant failure.Hamdi M; Casaer B; Andrades P; Thiessen F; Dancey A; D'Arpa S; Van Landuyt K2011 Mar
The American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program Incompletely Captures Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction Complications.Banuelos Joseph; Taslakian Editt N; Nguyen Minh-Doan T; Manrique Oscar J; Tran Nho V; Martinez-Jorge Jorys; Hieken Tina; Jakub James; Habermann Elizabeth B; Sharaf Basel; Banuelos Joseph; Taslakian Editt N; Nguyen Minh-Doan T; Manrique Oscar J; Tran Nho V; Martinez-Jorge Jorys; Hieken Tina; Jakub James; Habermann Elizabeth B; Sharaf Basel2020
Effect of breast reconstruction modality on the development of postmastectomy shoulder morbidity.Woo KJ; Lee KT; Mun GH; Pyon JK; Bang SI2018 Dec
Autologous breast reconstruction surgery outcomes in patients with autoimmune connective tissue disease.Rubio GA; McGee CS; Thaller SR2019 May
Reexamining free flap breast reconstruction in the community and university setting: is there a difference?Nelson JA; Stransky CA; Fischer JP; Fosnot J; Serletti JM; Wu LC2014 Dec
Impact of regional referral centers for microsurgical breast reconstruction: the New England perforator flap program experience.Yueh JH; Slavin SA; Bar-Meir ED; Merali HS; Houlihan MJ; Gautam S; Morris DJ; Tobias AM; Lee BT2009 Feb
Comprehensive Evaluation of Risk Factors and Management of Impending Flap Loss in 2138 Breast Free Flaps.Chang EI; Chang EI; Soto-Miranda MA; Zhang H; Nosrati N; Crosby MA; Reece GP; Robb GL; Chang DW2016 Jan
Local recurrence of breast cancer in reconstructed breasts using TRAM flap after skin-sparing mastectomy: clinical and imaging features.Yoo H; Kim BH; Kim HH; Cha JH; Shin HJ; Lee TJ2014 Sep
Does Hormone Therapy Use Increase Perioperative Complications in Abdominally Based Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction?Tran BNN; Ruan QZ; Cohen JB; Kamali P; Doval AF; Tobias AM; Singhal D; Lin SJ; Lee BT2018 Jun
Analysis of risk factors for complications in expander/implant breast reconstruction by stage of reconstruction.Hirsch EM; Seth AK; Kim JY; Dumanian GA; Mustoe TA; Galiano RD; Fine NA2014 Nov
[Current trends of breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer patients in China: a survey report].Chen Y; Chen J; Chen J; Yang B; Li L; Huang X; Shao Z; Shen Z; Yu P; Wu J2014 Nov
The Influence of Connective Tissue Disease in Breast Reconstruction: A National Database Analysis.Chen Austin D; Chi David; Wu Winona W; Egeler Sabine A; Chattha Anmol S; Bucknor Alexandra; Lee Bernard T; Lin Samuel J2018
Postoperative complications in prosthesis-based breast reconstruction using acellular dermal matrix.Liu AS; Kao HK; Reish RG; Hergrueter CA; May JW Jr; Guo L2011 May
Shoulder-related donor site morbidity after delayed breast reconstruction with pedicled flaps from the back: An open label randomized controlled clinical trial.Rindom Mikkel Børsen; Gunnarsson Gudjon L; Lautrup Marianne D; Christensen René D; Tos Tina; Hölmich Lisbet R; Sørensen Jens A; Thomsen Jørn B2019
A prospective comparison study of early functional outcomes after implant-based breast reconstruction: subpectoral versus prepectoral technique.Lee JS; Park E; Lee JH; Lee J; Park HY; Yang JD; Jung TD2021 Feb 26
A short-term comparison of expander prosthesis and DIEP flap in breast reconstructions: A prospective randomized study.Tallroth L; Velander P; Klasson S2020 Nov 12
Early complications in delayed breast reconstruction: A prospective, randomized study comparing different reconstructive methods in radiated and non-radiated patients.Brorson F; Thorarinsson A; Kolby L; Elander A; Hansson E2020 Dec
A propensity score-matched comparison of recurrence outcomes after immediate implant vs autologous flap reconstruction in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.Wu ZY; Han HH; Kim HJ; Lee JW; Chung IY; Kim J; Lee SB; Son BH; Eom JS; Jung JH; Kim SB; Gong G; Kim HH; Ahn S-; Ko B2021 Mar 19
Immediate breast reconstruction after salvage mastectomy: Case control outcome comparisons of DIEP flap and DTI reconstruction.Jo T; Hur J; Min K; Kim EK; Han HH; Eom JS2020 Dec 9
Goal-directed fluid therapy in autologous breast reconstruction results in less fluid and more vasopressor administration without outcome compromise.Polanco TO; Shamsunder MG; Hicks MEV; Seier KP; Tan KS; Oskar S; Dayan JH; Disa JJ; Mehrara BJ; Allen RJ Jr; Nelson JA; Afonso AM2021 Feb 4
Comparison of subpectoral versus dual-plane implant based immediate breast reconstruction after nipple-areola sparing mastectomy.Ozgur I; Kurul S; Bademler S; Karanlik H2020 Nov 19
Comparing Surgical Site Occurrences in 1 versus 2-stage Breast Reconstruction via Federated EMR Network.Singh D; Slavin BR; Holton T2021 Jan
Impact of overweight/obesity on the development of hematoma following tissue expander-based breast reconstructionBang Sa Ik; Jeon Byung Joon; Lee Hojune; Lee Kyeon-Tae; Mun Goo-Hyun; Pyon Jai-Kyong2020
Dual-Plane versus Prepectoral Breast Reconstruction in High-Body Mass Index Patients.Gabriel A; Sigalove S; Storm-Dickerson TL; Sigalove NM; Pope N; Rice J; Maxwell GP2020 Jun
Types of Mastectomies and Immediate Reconstructions for Ipsilateral Breast Local Recurrences.Simon P; Barrou J; Cohen M; Rua S; Lambaudie E; Houvenaeghel G2020
Tissue Expander-Based Breast Reconstruction in the Prepectoral Versus Subpectoral Plane: An Analysis of Short-Term Outcomes.Kraenzlin F; Darrach H; Khavanin N; Kokosis G; Aliu O; Broderick K; Rosson GD; Manahan MA; Sacks JM2021 Jan
Complications in Post-mastectomy Immediate Breast Reconstruction: A Ten-year Analysis of Outcomes.Mak JC; Kwong A2020 Oct
Predictive risk factors of complications in different breast reconstruction methods.Palve JS; Luukkaala TH; Kaariainen MT2020 Jul
Optimal breast reconstruction type for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, mastectomy followed by radiation therapy.Naoum GE; Oladeru OT; Niemierko A; Salama L; Winograd J; Colwell A; Arafat WO; Smith B; Ho A; Taghian AG2020 Aug
Complication rates of acellular dermal matrix in immediate breast reconstruction with radiation: A single-institution retrospective comparison study.Stein MJ; Chung A; Arnaout A; Ghaedi B; Ghumman A; Zhang T; Zhang J2020 Dec
Risk Factors Associated With Complications After Unilateral Immediate Breast Reconstruction: A French Prospective Multicenter Study.Dauplat J; Thivat E; Rouanet P; Delay E; Clough K; Verhaeghe JL; Raoust I; Bannier M; Lemasurier P; Pomel C2021 Mar-Apr
Clinical Outcomes After Hematoma Development: A Study of 627 Tissue Expander Breast Reconstructions.Rogoff H; Marquez JE; Ghosh K; Jou C; McAuliffe P; Rathi S; Monroig K; Medrano C; Marmor WA; Ferrier A; Kapadia K; Klein G; Huston TL; Ganz J; Dagum AB; Khan S; Bui D2020 Jul
Surgeon choice in the use of postdischarge antibiotics for prophylaxis following mastectomy with and without breast reconstruction.Warren DK; Nickel KB; Hostler CJ; Foy K; Han JH; Tolomeo P; Banks IR; Fraser VJ; Olsen MA2020 Oct 12
A Comparative Analysis between Subpectoral versus Prepectoral Single Stage Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction.Kim JH; Hong SE2020 Oct 13
Factors associated with chronic pain following breast reconstruction in Japanese women.Shiraishi M; Sowa Y; Fujikawa K; Kodama T; Okamoto A; Numajiri T; Taguchi T; Amaya F2020 Oct
Patient satisfaction in one-stage immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy: A multi-center comparative patient evaluation of prosthesis, LDMF, and TRAM techniques.Lei C; Xu L; Xu F; Li J; Jiang H; Guan S; Wang X; Wen B; Li J; Li X; Geng C; Yin J2020 May 29
Acute Postoperative Complications in Prepectoral versus Subpectoral Reconstruction following Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy.Avila A; Bartholomew AJ; Sosin M; Deldar R; Griffith KF; Willey SC; Song DH; Fan KL; Tousimis EA2020 Dec
Abdominal weakness, bulge, or hernia after DIEP flaps: An algorithm of management, prevention, and surgical repair with classification.Haddock NT; Culver AJ; Teotia SS2020 Dec 26
Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Two-Stage Tissue Expander/Implant Breast Reconstruction: Does it Affect Final Outcomes?Lee KT; Bae J; Jeon BJ; Pyon JK; Mun GH; Bang SI2021 Apr
Immediate versus secondary DIEP flap breast reconstruction: a multicenter outcome study.Prantl L; Moellhoff N; von Fritschen U; Giunta RE; Germann G; Kehrer A; Lonic D; Zeman F; Broer PN; Heidekrueger PI2020 Dec
Patient-reported outcomes of immediate implant-based breast reconstruction with and without biological or synthetic mesh.Sewart E; Turner NL; Conroy EJ; Cutress RI; Skillman J; Whisker L; Thrush S; Barnes N; Holcombe C; Potter S2021 Jan 8
The DIEP Flap as Well-established Method of Choice for Autologous Breast Reconstruction with a Low Complication Rate - Retrospective Single-centre 10-Year Experience.Munder B; Andree C; Witzel C; Fertsch S; Stambera P; Schulz T; Fleischer O; Hagouan M; Gruter L; Aufmesser B; Staemmler K; Kornetka J; Aldeeri M; Seidenstucker K; Abu-Ghazaleh A; Wolter A2020 Jun
Early complications in delayed breast reconstruction: A prospective, randomized study comparing different reconstructive methods in radiated and non-radiated patients.Brorson F; Thorarinsson A; Kolby L; Elander A; Hansson E2020 Dec
Patient satisfaction with breast reconstruction: how much do timing and surgical technique matter?Andresen Carolina; Barbosa Rui; Brito Iris; Fernandes Andreia; Ribeiro Matilde; Valenca-Filipe Rita2020
Patient-Reported Outcomes after Irradiation of Tissue Expander versus Permanent Implant in Breast Reconstruction: A Multicenter Prospective Study.Yoon AP; Qi J; Kim HM; Hamill JB; Jagsi R; Pusic AL; Wilkins EG; Kozlow JH2020 May
Long-Term Health-Related Quality of Life after Four Common Surgical Treatment Options for Breast Cancer and the Effect of Complications: A Retrospective Patient-Reported Survey among 1871 Patients.Kouwenberg CAE; de Ligt KM; Kranenburg LW; Rakhorst H; de Leeuw D; Siesling S; Busschbach JJ; Mureau MAM2020 Jul
Development of an evidence-based approach to the use of acellular dermal matrix in immediate expander-implant-based breast reconstruction.Ganesh Kumar Nishant; Berlin Nicholas L; Kim Hyungjin M; Hamill Jennifer B; Kozlow Jeffrey H; Wilkins Edwin G2021

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