Recently Published Projects

Published on June 27, 2022
Breast cancer and cardiovascular outcomes
142 Citations • 2 Key Questions • 142 Extraction Forms
Project created on January 29, 2022
Last updated on May 28, 2022
Objectives: Q1: What is the risk for the development of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with breast cancer compared to those in the general population? Q2: What are the incidence rates of cardiovascular diseases among patients diagnosed with breast cancer?
Published on May 24, 2022
Screening for Eating Disorders in Adolescents and Adults: An Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
59 Citations • 5 Key Questions • 59 Extraction Forms
Project created on May 18, 2022
Last updated on May 24, 2022
Published on May 19, 2022
Effectiveness of Telehealth for Women’s Preventive Services
16 Citations • 12 Key Questions • 16 Extraction Forms
Project created on April 19, 2022
Last updated on June 20, 2022
Objectives: Structured Abstract Objectives. To evaluate the effectiveness, use, and implementation of telehealth for women’s preventive services for reproductive health care and interpersonal violence (IPV), and to evaluate patient preferences and engagement for telehealth, particularly in the context of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Data sources. Ovid MEDLINE®, CINAHL®, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases (July 1, 2016 to March 4, 2022); manual review of reference lists; suggestions from stakeholders and responses to a Federal Register Notice. Review methods. Eligible abstracts and full-text articles of telehealth interventions were independently dual reviewed for inclusion using predefined criteria. Dual review was used for data abstraction, study-level risk of bias assessment, and strength of evidence (SOE) rating using established methods. Meta-analysis was not conducted due to heterogeneity of studies and limited available data. Results. Searches identified 5,704 unique records. Eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one nonrandomized trial, and seven observational studies, involving 10,731 participants, met inclusion criteria. Of these, nine evaluated IPV services and seven evaluated contraceptive care, the only reproductive health service studied. Risk of bias was low in one study, moderate in nine trials and five observational studies, and high in one study. Telehealth interventions were intended to replace usual care in 14 studies and supplement care in two studies. Delivery modes included telephone (5 studies), online modules (5 studies), and mobile applications (1 study), and was unclear or undefined in five studies. There were no differences between telehealth interventions to supplement contraceptive care and comparators for rates of contraceptive use, sexually transmitted infection, and pregnancy (low SOE); evidence was insufficient for abortion rates. There were no differences between telehealth IPV services versus comparators for outcomes measuring repeat IPV, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, fear of partner, coercive control, self-efficacy, and safety behaviors (low SOE). The COVID-19 pandemic increased telehealth utilization. Barriers to telehealth interventions included limited internet access and digital literacy among English-speaking IPV survivors, and technical challenges and confidentiality concerns for contraceptive care. Telehealth use was facilitated by strategies to ensure safety of individuals who receive IPV services. Evidence was insufficient to evaluate access, health equity, or harms outcomes. Conclusions. Limited evidence suggests that telehealth interventions for contraceptive care and IPV services result in equivalent clinical and patient-reported outcomes as in-person care. Uncertainty remains regarding the most effective approaches for delivering these services, and how to best mobilize telehealth, particularly for women facing barriers to health care.
Published on April 30, 2022
Major Joint Replacement (P)Rehab
124 Citations • 8 Key Questions • 124 Extraction Forms
Project created on April 30, 2022
Last updated on April 30, 2022
Objectives: The systematic review will assess the prehabilitation and rehabilitation options for patients who are undergoing (or have undergone) elective, unilateral, total knee or hip replacement surgery for OA.
Published on April 27, 2022
The effectiveness of brief Interventions for preventative health behaviours within the Third and Social Economy sector
8 Citations • 2 Key Questions • 8 Extraction Forms
Project created on March 09, 2022
Last updated on April 26, 2022
Objectives: Background: The effectiveness of brief interventions delivered within healthcare settings on improving preventative health behaviours is established. However, the Third and Social Economy (TSE) sector offers an alternate setting and workforce of intervention providers. Purpose: This systematic review will be the first to assess the efficacy of brief interventions specifically within the TSE sector. Data Sources: Health Research Premium collection, ASSIA, and PsychArticles via ProQuest across all available dates. Any quantitative trial was included (RCTs, before-after trials, non-randomised control trials). Study Selection: Included interventions were below 30 minutes in duration for each session with or without follow-up, and either delivered by providers from the TSE sector or delivered within a TSE setting. Measures could be either self-report or objective, surrounding diet, physical activity, alcohol consumption, smoking, finance, or housing. Data Extraction: Data was extracted based on Population and Setting, Methods, Participants, Intervention Groups, Outcome, Results, and Conclusion, and risk of bias was assessed using ROB-2, ROBINS-I, or adaptations of these; depending on the study design.